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This is the recitation of the complete Matn of At-Tuhfatul Atfaali Wal Ghilmaani Fee Tajweedil Qur’aan of Imaam Sulaymaan Al-Jamzoori Rahimahullaah.

 

The Ghayrah of a Dog

Imaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaani Rahimahullaah narrates that Jamaaluddeen Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad At-Tayyibee said:

 

“One of the leaders of the Mongols became Christian, and was visited by a group of senior Christians and Mongols, when one of them (Christians) started belittling Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam, and there was a hunting dog tied up nearby, so when he started increasing his insults the dog jumped on him and scratched him but they managed to free him from it, so one of the people present said: “This (happened) because of what you said about Muhammad (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam).”

 

He replied: “Not at all, rather this dog is arrogant, and it saw me pointing with my hand, so it thought that I wanted to hit it.”

 

So he returned to what he was saying, and increased (his insults), so the dog jumped on him again, seized his throat and ripped it out, and he died immediately.

Because of that, about 40,000 Mongols accepted Islaam.”

 

 

Ad-Durarul Kaaminah, Vol 3, Page 128-129. Printed by Dar Al-Jeel, Beirut.

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Such is the love for Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam by dogs and other animals, that they cannot bear to have Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam insulted while they sit still and do nothing. While today people make all sorts of baatil statements such as “Leave them, Islaam believes in freedom of speech” and “They shouldn’t be killed for insults though” and other such nonsensical statements.

 

And what a blessed action it was of this dog, that as a result Allaah guided 40,000 people to Islaam.

 

So do not ever get mislead into thinking that by “turning the other cheek” you will be able to guide more people to Islaam, because it is Allaah who guides, not us.

 

May Allaah grant us all the understanding.

Are ladies really not allowed to speak in public

 

Question:

 

what do the fuqaha say. are ladies really not allowed to speak in public, can they speak at a volume where only those near by can hear? if they speak at that volume with the aid of a microphone is it haraam?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

The Sharee`ah has prohibited women from speaking publicly where men can hear them because of the Fitnah it causes.

 

The issue is not to do with microphones per se, it applies to radio, over the phone, in person or otherwise.

 

If a woman speaks to a group of women using a microphone then it will be permissible, while if she were to speak in front of men even without a microphone if there’s no need then it would not be permissible.

 

Allaah says in Surah Al-Ahzaab, Aayah 32: “O wives of the Prophet (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam), you are not like any other women, if you fear Allaah, then do not be soft in speech lest he in whose heart is a disease is moved with desire, but speak an appropriate speech.” [i]

 

Commenting on the above Aayah Imaam Abu Bakr Al-Jassaas Rahimahullaah says in Ahkaamul Qur’aan“In this (Aayah) is the indication that the ruling is the same for all women in the prohibition of being soft in speech to men in a way that causes desire.” [ii]

 

He then goes on and says: “The indication (in this Aayah) is that it is best for a woman to not raise her voice to the level where men can hear her.” [iii]

 

He further states in another place: “In this (Aayah) is the indication that a woman is prohibited from raising her voice to the level where it can be heard by strange men, because her voice is closer to (causing) Fitnah than the sound of her anklets, and that is why our companions say it is (prohibitively) disliked for women to call out the Adhaan, because it requires the raising of the voice, and a woman is prohibited from that.” [iv]

 

Many people misunderstand the issue of women’s voices, on the basis of the question: “Are women’s voices `awrah or not?

 

They assume that because they find quotes from books or `Ulamaa saying that a woman’s voice is not `Awrah that it somehow means there is open permissibility for women to speak in public to a mixed audience, but that is incorrect.

 

A woman’s voice is not `Awrah according to the relied upon opinion of the Madhab, but it is not permissible to speak freely with Ghayr Mahram men without a necessity.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Thursday 27th Muharram 1436 – 20th November 2014.

[i] يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا. – سورة الأحزاب، آية ٣٢.

 

[ii]وَفِيهِ الدَّلَالَةُ عَلَى أَنَّ ذَلِكَ حُكْمُ سَائِرِ النِّسَاءِ فِي نَهْيِهِنَّ عَنْ إلَانَةِ الْقَوْلِ لِلرِّجَالِ عَلَى وَجْهٍ يُوجِبُ الطَّمَعَ فِيهِنَّ. – قاله الإمام الجصاص رحمه في كتابه أحكام القرآن.

 

[iii] وَالدَّلَالَةُ عَلَى أَنَّ الْأَحْسَنَ بِالْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ لَا تَرْفَعَ صَوْتَهَا بِحَيْثُ يَسْمَعُهَا الرِّجَالُ. – قاله الإمام الجصاص رحمه في كتابه أحكام القرآن.

[iv]وَفِيهِ دَلَالَةٌ عَلَى أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ مَنْهِيَّةٌ عَنْ رَفْعِ صَوْتِهَا بِالْكَلَامِ بِحَيْثُ يَسْمَعُ ذَلِكَ الْأَجَانِبُ; إذْ كَانَ صَوْتُهَا أَقْرَبَ إلَى الْفِتْنَةِ مِنْ صَوْتِ خَلْخَالِهَا; وَلِذَلِكَ كَرِهَ أَصْحَابُنَا أَذَانَ النِّسَاءِ; لِأَنَّهُ يُحْتَاجُ فِيهِ إلَى رَفْعِ الصَّوْتِ وَالْمَرْأَةُ مَنْهِيَّةٌ عَنْ ذَلِكَ. – قاله الإمام الجصاص رحمه في كتابه أحكام القرآن.

Mustalahul Hadeeth Class #3 (Hadeeth, Khabar and Athar)

 

 

Mustalahul Hadeeth Class #2 (3 Types of Hadeeth)

 

Mustalahul Hadeeth Class #1 (Introduction to the Science of Hadeeth)

 

This series is based on the Kitaab: Muqaddimatun Fee Usoolil Hadeeth of Moulana `Abdul Haq Ad-Dihlawi Rahimahullaah.

 

 

 

Should I make qurbaani for myself or my family?

 

Question:

 

The Hadith of Rasoolulla Salalaahu Alay he wasallam says if you by the means to make Qurbaani and you don’t, one mustn’t even go to Eid prayer my question is I want to make Qurbaani but not myself for a family member (with my money) firstly do I fall in this category of Hadith, secondly is it better to rather Qurbaani for myself and if must u tell the family member what your intention ? And for a man married with kids, would it then be ok for him to slaughter on behalf of the kids and wife?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

To begin with, the Hadeeth in question is reported by Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu who said that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever has sufficient wealth and he does not sacrifice, then he should not even come close to our place of Salaah.” [i] – Authentic, from Sunan Ibn Maajah.

 

The Hadeeth does not mean that if a person doesn’t slaughter then he mustn’t come for the `Eid Salaah, but rather it is a warning to show the severity that if a person has the ability to slaughter and does not do so, then him making the `Eid Salaah will not be of benefit to him after ignoring the obligation of Qurbaani.

 

There are certain conditions that have to be met though before Qurbaani becomes obligatory upon a person, if those conditions aren’t met then Qurbaani would not be obligatory.

 

Imaam Al-Margheenaani Rahimahullaah says in Al-Hidaayah: “Udh’hiyyah is obligatory upon every person that’s free; muslim, a resident (not traveller), with sufficient wealth on the day of Adh’haa (to sacrifice) on his behalf and his young children.” [ii]

 

Now as for what is considered to be “sufficient wealth”, it is the Nisaab of Zakaah.

 

Imaam Badruddeen Al-`Ayni Rahimahullaah explains it in Al-Binaayah and says: “It is that a person possesses the amount of 200 Dirhams in excess of his house, furniture, clothing, slaves and weapons.” [iii]

 

Simply put, if a person on the day of `Eid has excess wealth to the amount of 200 Dirhams, which is equivalent to 612.36 grams of silver, and in the context of the South African financials as per today that amount would be R4200.78 (the Nisaab of zakaah), if he has that amount of excess wealth that is not a debt due to be paid then Qurbaani will become obligatory upon him. That wealth does not have to be in his possession for a full lunar year, rather it could have just come into his possession that very day and it will become obligatory.

 

If the animals are so expensive that a person only has enough money for himself, then he will slaughter for his own self only, if he has sufficient for himself and his wife and children then well and good he can slaughter for them all, but if he only has enough for one animal then he may not slaughter it for someone else, but rather he will have to slaughter it on behalf of his own self, because Qurbaani would not be obligatory upon those other family members who have no money but it will be obligatory upon him who is the possessor of that amount of excess wealth.

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Thursday 30th Dhul Qa`dah 1435 – 25th September 2014.

[i]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ سَعَةٌ، وَلَمْ يُضَحِّ، فَلَا يَقْرَبَنَّ مُصَلَّانَا» – رواه الإمام ابن ماجة رحمه الله في سننه.

[ii]الأضحية واجبة على كل حر مسلم مقيم موسر في يوم الأضحى عن نفسه وعن ولده الصغار. – قاله الإمام المرغيناني رحمه الله في كتابه الهداية.

[iii]وهو أن يملك مقدار مائتي درهم فاضلا عن منزله وأثاثه وكسوته وخادمه وسلاحه. – قاله الإمام بدر الدين العيني رحمه الله في كتابه البناية.