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Is there a specific order of takbeer and action?

 

Question:

 

When leading or praying is there a specific order of takbeer and action, in both situations as imam or praying individually?

so for example before going to ruku, when do you say the ‘Allahu Akbar’? before going down in ruku or whilst going down in Ruku’.

if you could please also mention the source.JZk

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

In all situations the method will be the same, whether you are the Imaam, whether you are performing behind an Imaam or whether you are performing Salaah alone.

 

The method is that you move with the Takbeer, you start the Takbeer as you begin to move, and you end it when you enter into the new posture.

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates: “When Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam stood up to perform Salaah, he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he stood up, then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he bowed, then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say “Sami`allaahu liman hamidah” until he was standing up straight after bowing, and when he was standing he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say, “Rabbanaa lakal hamd” – or “Rabbanaa walakal hamd” -. Then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say The Takbeer when he went down in prostration, then he would say the Takbeer when he raised his head, then he would say the Takbeer when he prostrated, then he would say the Takbeer when he raised his head, and he did that throughout the Salaah until he finished. And he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he stood up after two Rak`ahs after sitting.” – Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. [i]

 

Imaam Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad Al-Halabi Rahimahullaah says in Ghunyatul Mutamalli: “The Sunnah method of these glorifications (i.e. Takbeer) is to start it (i.e. saying the Takbeer) when starting to move, and end it when ending into the new posture.” [ii]

 

Therefore a person should not say the Takbeer before moving, nor should he say it only after having entered the next posture, but rather it should be done simultaneously.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

 

Tuesday 23rd Jumaadaa Al-Oolaa 1435 – 25th March 2014.

 

 

[i]أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ: ” كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَقُومُ، ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَرْكَعُ، ثُمَّ يَقُولُ: سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ، حِينَ يَرْفَعُ صُلْبَهُ مِنَ الرَّكْعَةِ، ثُمَّ يَقُولُ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ: رَبَّنَا لَكَ الحَمْدُ ” قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، عَنِ اللَّيْثِ: «وَلَكَ الحَمْدُ، ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَهْوِي، ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ، ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَسْجُدُ، ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ، ثُمَّ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ كُلِّهَا حَتَّى يَقْضِيَهَا، وَيُكَبِّرُ حِينَ يَقُومُ مِنَ الثِّنْتَيْنِ بَعْدَ الجُلُوسِ.– رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

[ii]إن المسنون في هذه الأذكار ابتداؤها عند ابتداء انتقالات وانتهاؤها عند انتهائه. – قاله الإمام إبراهيم بن محمد الحلبي رحمه الله في كتابه غنية المتملي.

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Salaah with ones shoes on

 

Question:

 

Assalaamo alycom Mashaa’ikh is it possible to make swolaah in a park with ones shoes on?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Wa `alaykumus salaam.

 

Yes, there is no harm in performing Salaah while wearing shoes, provided that the shoes are free of impurities.

 

Imaam Bukhaari Rahimahullaah reports in his Saheeh that Hadhrat Anas Ibn Maalik Radhiallaahu `Anhu was asked: “Did Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam perform Salaah while wearing his sandals?” He replied: “Yes”.  – Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. [i]

 

Hadhrat Abu Sa`eed Al-Khudri Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “While Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam was leading his companions in Salaah, he suddenly took off his sandals and placed it on his left, when the people saw that, they too took off their sandals, then when Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam completed his Salaah he asked: “What made you take off your sandals? “ They replied: “We saw you take off your sandals so we took off our sandals.” So Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Indeed Jibreel – Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam – came to me and informed me that there was dirt – or some impurity – on it (the sandals). And (then) he (Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “When anyone of you comes to the Masjid then let him look (at his shoes), if he sees any dirt or impurity on it then let him wipe them (the sandals) and perform Salaah in them.” – Authentic, from Sunan Abu Daawood. [ii]

 

So Salaah while wearing shoes is permissible, however one should take care to perform all the postures correctly and not hold back for fear of damaging one’s shoes.

 

Furthermore, one should avoid entering the Masaajid with shoes in today’s times where the Masaajid are carpeted, and walking on it with shoes would soil and damage it thereby causing unnecessary damage, expenses and arguments.

 

But if one is on the road, in a car park, or in a jungle etc, then there is no harm in keeping one’s shoes on while performing Salaah.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 15th Dhul Hijjah 1434 – 21st October 2013.

 


 

 [i]أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو مَسْلَمَةَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ الأَزْدِيُّ، قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ: أَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي فِي نَعْلَيْهِ؟ قَالَ: «نَعَمْ»

 

 [ii]عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ: بَيْنَمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي بِأَصْحَابِهِ إِذْ خَلَعَ نَعْلَيْهِ فَوَضَعَهُمَا عَنْ يَسَارِهِ، فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ الْقَوْمُ أَلْقَوْا نِعَالَهُمْ، فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَاتَهُ، قَالَ: «مَا حَمَلَكُمْ عَلَى إِلْقَاءِ نِعَالِكُمْ»، قَالُوا: رَأَيْنَاكَ أَلْقَيْتَ نَعْلَيْكَ فَأَلْقَيْنَا نِعَالَنَا، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” إِنَّ جِبْرِيلَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ فِيهِمَا قَذَرًا – أَوْ قَالَ: أَذًى – ” وَقَالَ: ” إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَلْيَنْظُرْ: فَإِنْ رَأَى فِي نَعْلَيْهِ قَذَرًا أَوْ أَذًى فَلْيَمْسَحْهُ وَلْيُصَلِّ فِيهِمَا

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Is it mandatory to move the lips in salah

 

Question:

 

Is it mandatory to move the lips in salah, while reciting the Quran? If so, can you provide evidences for this?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is necessary for a person to move his lips and tongue when reciting in order for his Salaah to be valid, the proofs for that are:

 

Hadeeth:

 

Hadhrat Maalik Ibn Al-Huwayrith Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Pray the way you have seen me pray.”As-Sunan Al-Kubraa of Imaam Al-Bayhaqi Rahimahullaah. [i]

 

And we know that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam moved his lips when reciting in both the audible and inaudible Salaah, the audible needs no explanation as you cannot recite for people to hear you if you are not moving your lips.

 

As for the inaudible, then one of the Sahaabah `Radhiallaahu `Anhum narrates and says: “The recitation of Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam could be recognised in Dhuhr by the movement of his beard.”Reported in the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad Rahimahullaah. [ii]

 

Meaning that they could see Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam’s beard moving as he Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam was reciting, while if a person were to recite in his mind without moving his lips then his beard would not move.

 

Fiqh:

 

Imaam Al-Kaasaanee Rahimahullaah says in Badaa’i`us Sanaa’i`: “A person who performs Salaah on his own and recites softly enough for his ears to hear him then it is permissible without any difference of opinion because of the certainty of the existence of recitation, because hearing without any recitation is unimaginable.

As for the case of a person who recites while pronouncing the letters correctly with his tongue but his ears does not hear it, however he has the knowledge of the fact that his tongue had moved and the letters had come out from its Makhaarij, is his Salaah valid?

There is some difference of opinion on that point; Imaam Al-Karkhi Rahimahullaah said it’s valid.” [iii]

 

He continues and says: “The point of Imaam Al-Karkhi Rahimahullaah is that Qiraa’ah (recitation) is an action of the tongue which is a collection of words strung together in a specific way, and that has been found (here).” [iv]

 

So from all this we come to understand that Qiraa’ah, recitation, is an action of the tongue and lips, and not merely reading in one’s mind, therefore we say for the validity of a person’s Salaah it is necessary that a person physically moves his tongue and lips, and he should recite at the level where he can at least hear himself, though if he recites and is not able to hear himself then too his Salaah will still be valid.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Monday 12th Jumaadaa Al-Oolaa 1434 – 25th March 2013.

 


 [i]قَالَ فِي حَدِيثِ مَالِكِ بْنِ الْحُوَيْرِثِ: صَلُّوا كَمَا رَأَيْتُمُونِي أُصَلِّي. – السنن الكبرى للبيهقي رحمه الله.

[ii] عن أبي الأحوص، عن بعض أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: كانت تعرف قراءة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في الظهر بتحريك لحيته. – رواه الإمام أحمد رحمه الله في مسنده.

 [iii]ثُمَّ الْمُنْفَرِدُ إذَا خَافَتَ وَأَسْمَعَ أُذُنَيْهِ يَجُوزُ بِلَا خِلَافٍ لِوُجُودِ الْقِرَاءَةِ بِيَقِينٍ، إذْ السَّمَاعُ بِدُونِ الْقِرَاءَةِ لَا يُتَصَوَّرُ، أَمَّا إذَا صَحَّحَ الْحُرُوفَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَأَدَّاهَا عَلَى وَجْهِهَا وَلَمْ يُسْمِعْ أُذُنَيْهِ وَلَكِنْ وَقَعَ لَهُ الْعِلْمُ بِتَحْرِيكِ اللِّسَانِ وَخُرُوجِ الْحُرُوفِ مِنْ مَخَارِجِهَا – فَهَلْ تَجُوزُ صَلَاتُهُ؟ اُخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ، ذَكَرَ الْكَرْخِيُّ أَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ. – بدائع الصنائع للإمام الكاساني رحمه الله.

 [iv]وَجْهُ قَوْلِ الْكَرْخِيِّ أَنَّ الْقِرَاءَةَ فِعْلُ اللِّسَانِ وَذَلِكَ بِتَحْصِيلِ الْحُرُوفِ وَنَظْمِهَا عَلَى وَجْهٍ مَخْصُوصٍ وَقَدْ وُجِدَ. – بدائع الصنائع للإمام الكاساني رحمه الله.

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Can i pray in a classroom at school without a prayer mat?

 

Question:

 

Can i pray in a classroom at school without a prayer mat?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is permissible to perform Salaah with or without a mat, because the world has been made a Masjid for this Ummah.

 

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah Radhiallaahu `Anhu Narrates that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “I have been favoured with four things: The earth has been made a Masjid and a purifier for my Ummah. I have been sent to all of mankind. I am aided with fear (which Allaah puts in the hearts of the disbelievers) which travels ahead of me for as far as a month’s journey, and war booty has been made permissible for my Ummah.” – Musnad Imaam Ahmad Rahimahullaah. [i]

 

So Salaah without a mat is valid providing that the place where you are performing is free from any impurities.

 

Imaam Al-Kaasaani Rahimahullaah mentions in Badaa’i`us Sanaa’i` the conditions for the validity of Salaah and says:

 

And true purity is having the clothing; body and place of Salaah clean from actual impurities.[ii]

 

To perform Salaah on a mat is Sunnah and to perform Salaah without a mat is also Sunnah.

 

Regarding using a mat:

 

Hadhrat Abu Sa`eed Al-Khudri Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam performed Salaah on a straw mat.” – Sunan At-Tirmidhi. [iii]

 

As for without a mat:

 

Hadhrat Abu Sa`eed Al-Khudri Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “We performed I`tikaaf with Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam on the middle ten days of Ramadhaan, then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) came out on the morning of the twentieth and addressed us and said: “I was shown Laylatul Qadr but I was made to forget it, so seek it during the last ten nights, on the odd numbered nights. And I saw myself prostrating in water and mud, so whomsoever was performing i`tikaaf with Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam then let him return (to the Masjid).” So we returned and we did not see a trace of cloud in the sky. Then a cloud came and rained until the roof of the Masjid began to leak as the roof was made from palm branches. The Iqaamah was given for Salaah, and I saw Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam prostrating in the water and mud, until I saw the traces of mud on his forehead.” – Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. [iv]

 

So as long as the place where you are performing Salaah is free of impurities, then the absence of a mat will not affect your Salaah.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Friday 26th Rabee` Al-Awwal 1434 – 8th February 2013.

 



 [i]عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: ” فُضِّلْتُ بِأَرْبَعٍ: جُعِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ لِأُمَّتِي مَسْجِدًا وَطَهُورًا، وَأُرْسِلْتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ كَافَّةً، وَنُصِرْتُ بِالرُّعْبِ مِنْ مَسِيرَةِ شَهْرٍ يَسِيرُ بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ، وَأُحِلَّتْ لِأُمَّتِي الْغَنَائِمُ “. رواه الإمام أحمد رحمه الله في مسنده.

 [ii]وَالطَّهَارَةُ الْحَقِيقِيَّةُ هِيَ طَهَارَةُ الثَّوْبِ وَالْبَدَنِ وَمَكَانِ الصَّلَاةِ عَنْ النَّجَاسَةِ الْحَقِيقِيَّةِ. – بدائع الصنائع للإمام الكاساني.

 [iii]عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ: أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَّى عَلَى حَصِيرٍ. – رواه الإمام الترمذي رحمه الله في سننه.

 [iv]اعْتَكَفْنَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ العَشْرَ الأَوْسَطَ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ، فَخَرَجَ صَبِيحَةَ عِشْرِينَ فَخَطَبَنَا، وَقَالَ: «إِنِّي أُرِيتُ لَيْلَةَ القَدْرِ، ثُمَّ أُنْسِيتُهَا – أَوْ نُسِّيتُهَا – فَالْتَمِسُوهَا فِي العَشْرِ الأَوَاخِرِ فِي الوَتْرِ، وَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَنِّي أَسْجُدُ فِي مَاءٍ وَطِينٍ، فَمَنْ كَانَ اعْتَكَفَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَلْيَرْجِعْ»، فَرَجَعْنَا وَمَا نَرَى فِي السَّمَاءِ قَزَعَةً، فَجَاءَتْ سَحَابَةٌ فَمَطَرَتْ حَتَّى سَالَ سَقْفُ المَسْجِدِ، وَكَانَ مِنْ جَرِيدِ النَّخْلِ، وَأُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ، فَرَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَسْجُدُ فِي المَاءِ وَالطِّينِ، حَتَّى رَأَيْتُ أَثَرَ الطِّينِ فِي جَبْهَتِهِ. – رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

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Can a woman lead men in salaat?

 

 

Question:

 

Can a woman lead men in salaat? If a man performs salaat behind a woman, will he have to repeat that salaat? Some groups in Canada and America who are associated with homosexual groups say it’s permissible for women to lead men in salaat.

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is not permissible for a woman to lead men in Salaah, this is an innovation that has been introduced in these latter times by women rights groups that wants women to stand side by side with men, and this innovation is addressed in the Hadeeth of Hadhrat `Aa’ishah Radhiallaahu `Anhaa, where she reports that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

 

“Whoever introduces something into this matter (i.e. Islaam) of ours that is not part of it, it shall be rejected.”Saheeh Muslim. [i]

 

Regarding these gay groups, they do not accept the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, so there’s no need to even reply to them. Ironically these people are not even certain whether they’re men or women, so in reality, who’s the Imaam of who?

 

But for people who follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the illustrious `Ulamaa, then this is the ruling:

From a Hadeeth point of view, Imaam Al-Bayhaqi Rahimahullaah has a chapter in his Sunan Al-Kubraa titled: “No man may follow a woman in Salaah.” [ii]

 

In that chapter he reports the following Ahaadeeth:

 

Hadhrat Abu Bakrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that when the news reached Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam that the Persians had made the daughter of Kisraa (title used for their kings) their queen, Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “A nation who entrusts their affairs to a woman will never be successful.” [iii]It is an authentic Hadeeth, also reported by Imaam Al-Bukhaari Rahimahullaah in his Saheeh.

 

And indeed, Salaah is one of the most important affairs in the life of a Muslim.

 

He continues and quotes:

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu said that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “The best row (in Salaah) for men is the first one, and their worst one is the last one, and the best row for women is the last one and their worst one is the first one.” [iv]It is an authentic Hadeeth, also reported by Imaam Muslim Rahimahullaah in his Saheeh.

 

This action of theirs is in direct conflict to this Hadeeth, because they are not even in the front row of the women, which is their worst row, but in fact they are right in front of all the men.

 

He then ends the chapter by quoting:

 

Hadhrat Jaabir Ibn `Abdillaah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that he heard Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam on his (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) pulpit saying: “Let it be known, that no woman may ever lead a man in Salaah.” [v]This narration, although it has some weakness in it, but its meaning is accepted as being authentic by the `Ulamaa.

 

Hadhrat `Abdullaah Ibn Mas`ood Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “Put them in the back where Allaah has put them.” [vi]Musannaf `Abdur Razzaaq Rahimahullaah.

 

 

As for the views of the four Madhaahib:

 

Hanafi Madhab:

 

Imaam Al-Haskafi Rahimahullaah says in Ad-Durrul Mukhtaar: “And it is not permissible for a man to follow a woman (in Salaah).” [vii]

 

Imaam Az-Zayla`ee Rahimahullaah says in Tabyeenul Haqaa’iq: “The salaah is invalid of a man performing behind a woman or child.” [viii]

 

The same is stated by Imaam Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad Al-Halabi Rahimahullaah in Multaqaa Al-Ab’har. [ix]

 

Shaafi`i Madhab:

 

Imaam Ash-Shaafi`i Rahimahullaah says in Kitaabul Umm: “And it is not permissible for a woman to be an Imaam for men in Salaah ever under any circumstance.” [x]

 

Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah says in Al-Majmoo`: “Our companions (the shaafi`i scholars) have consensus that the Salaah of a male adult or child behind a woman is not permissible.” [xi]

 

Hanbali Madhab:

 

Imaam Ibn Qudaamah Rahimahullaah says in Al-Mughni: “As for (the ruling concerning) a woman, then it is not valid for a man to perform Salaah behind her under any circumstance, be it in Fardh or Nafl (Salaah).” [xii]

 

Imaam Mansoor Al-Bahwati Rahimahullaah says in Kashshaaf Al-Qinaa`: “And it is not permissible for a woman to be an imaam for men, because of what Ibn Maajah has narrated from (Hadhrat) Jaabir (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) narrating it from Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam: ‘No woman may ever lead a man (in Salaah)’” [xiii]

 

 

Maaliki Madhab:

 

Imaam An-Nafraawi Rahimahullaah says in Al-Fawaakihud Dawaani: “And it is not correct for a woman to lead men or women in Fardh or Nafl Salaah, because of the Hadeeth: ‘A nation who entrusts their affairs to a woman will never be successful’” [xiv]

 

Imaam Al-Qurtubi Rahimahullaah says in his Tafseer Al-Jaami` Li Ahkaamil Qur’aan: “Our (Maaliki) scholars say, it not valid for her (a woman) to be an Imaam for men nor women.” [xv]

 

 

Therefore, salaah of a man behind a woman is not valid, and if a man performs Salaah behind a woman then he will have to repeat his Salaah.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 6th Muharram 2012 – 20th November 2012.

 


 [i]عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [ii]بَابُ: لَا يَأْتَمُّ رَجُلٌ بِامْرَأَةٍ.

 

 [iii]بَلَغَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّ أَهْلَ فَارِسَ مَلَّكُوا عَلَيْهِمُ ابْنَةَ كِسْرَى، فَقَالَ: لَنْ يُفْلِحَ قَوْمٌ وَلَّوْا أَمْرَهُمُ امْرَأَةً. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وهو حديث صحيح، رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [iv]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: خَيْرُ صُفُوفِ الرِّجَالِ أَوَّلُهَا، وَشَرُّهَا آخِرُهَا، وَخَيْرُ صُفُوفِ النِّسَاءِ آخِرُهَا، وَشَرُّهَا أَوَّلُهَا. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وهو حديث صحيح، رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [v]عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَلَى مِنْبَرِهِ يَقُولُ، فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ وَفِيهِ ” أَلَا وَلَا تَؤُمَّنَّ امْرَأَةٌ رَجُلًا. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وقال: وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ فِي إِسْنَادِهِ ضعْفٌ، ثم قال: وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ الْفُقَهَاءِ السَّبْعَةِ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ فَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ.

 [vi]فَكَانَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ يَقُولُ: «أَخِّرُوهُنَّ حَيْثُ أَخَّرَهُنَّ اللَّهُ. – رواه الإمام عبد الرزاق رحمه الله في مصنفه.

 

 [vii]وَلَا يَصِحُّ اقْتِدَاءُ رَجُلٍ بِامْرَأَةٍ.

 

 [viii]وَفَسَدَ اقْتِدَاءُ رَجُلٍ بِامْرَأَةٍ أَوْ صَبِيٍّ.

 

 [ix]وَفَسَد اقْتِدَاء رجل بِامْرَأَة أَو صبي.

 

 [x]وَلَا يَجُوزُ أَنْ تَكُونَ امْرَأَةٌ إمَامَ رَجُلٍ فِي صَلَاةٍ بِحَالٍ أَبَدًا.

 [xi]وَاتَّفَقَ أَصْحَابُنَا عَلَى أَنَّهُ لَا تَجُوزُ صَلَاةُ رَجُلٍ بَالِغٍ وَلَا صَبِيٍّ خَلْفَ امرأة.

 [xii]وَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ فَلَا يَصِحُّ أَنْ يَأْتَمَّ بِهَا الرَّجُلُ بِحَالٍ، فِي فَرْضٍ وَلَا نَافِلَةٍ.

 

 [xiii](وَلَا تَصِحُّ إمَامَةُ امْرَأَةٍ) بِرِجَالٍ لِمَا رَوَى ابْنُ مَاجَهْ عَنْ جَابِرٍ مَرْفُوعًا «لَا تَؤُمَّنَّ امْرَأَةٌ رَجُلًا».

 [xiv](وَلَا) يَصِحُّ أَنْ (تَؤُمَّ الْمَرْأَةُ فِي فَرِيضَةٍ وَلَا نَافِلَةٍ لَا رِجَالًا وَلَا نِسَاءً) لِخَبَرِ «لَنْ يُفْلِحَ قَوْمٌ وَلَّوْا أَمْرَهُمْ امْرَأَةً».

 

 [xv]قُلْتُ: وَقَالَ عُلَمَاؤُنَا لَا تَصِحُّ إِمَامَتُهَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلَا لِلنِّسَاءِ.

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Making zikr e fatimi after the farz salat

 

Question:

 

This practise of people making zikr e fatimi after the farz salat 33x tasbih 33x tahmid and 34x takbir, is there any basis for it? Because someone told me it should only be done 33x tasbih, 33x tahmid, 33x takbir and then one extended tahlil to make it 100. Please advise.

 

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Both ways are authentically reported in the Sunnah, both Ahaadeeth are found in Saheeh Muslim.

 

The Hadeeth that speaks of 33, 33 and 34 is as follows:

 

Hadhrat Ka`b Ibn `Ujrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “There are some things (i.e. glorifications) that the one who says it – or does it – after the obligatory prayers will not lose out, (that is) thirty three times Tasbeeh (Subhaanallaah), thirty three times Tahmeed (Alhamdulillaah), and thirty four times Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar).” Saheeh Muslim. [i]

 

While the Hadeeth that mentions the other way is:

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever glorifies (Tasbeeh) Allaah thirty three times after every (fardh) Salaah, and praises (Tahmeed) Allaah thirty three times, and declares the greatness of Allaah (Takbeer) thirty three times, that is (equals) ninety nine, and the completion of the hundred is (to say): ‘Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer’,(if he says that) his sins will be forgiven even if it is as much as the foam of the ocean.” – Saheeh Muslim.[ii]

 

So therefore since both narrations are authentic, the best thing to do is to recite it 33x Tasbeeh, 33x Tahmeed, 34x Takbeer and then end with Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer, as Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah says in his explanation of Saheeh Musim:

 

“A person ought to take precaution and make thirty three Tasbeeh, thirty three Tahmeed, thirty four Takbeer, and say with it Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu until the end (i.e. lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer), to combine the narrations.”[iii]

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 21st Dhul Hijjah 1433 – 6th November 2012.


 [i]عَنْ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: مُعَقِّبَاتٌ لَا يَخِيبُ قَائِلُهُنَّ – أَوْ فَاعِلُهُنَّ – دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ، ثَلَاثٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَسْبِيحَةً، وَثَلَاثٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَحْمِيدَةً، وَأَرْبَعٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَكْبِيرَةً. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [ii]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللهَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَحَمِدَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَكَبَّرَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، فَتْلِكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ، وَقَالَ: تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [iii]فَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَحْتَاطَ الْإِنْسَانُ فَيَأْتِيَ بِثَلَاثٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ تَسْبِيحَةً وَمِثْلُهَا تَحْمِيدَاتٌ وَأَرْبَعٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ تَكْبِيرَةً وَيَقُولُ مَعَهَا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ إِلَى آخِرِهَا لِيَجْمَعَ بَيْنَ الرِّوَايَاتِ. –  قاله الإمام النووي رحمه الله في شرحه على صحيح مسلم.

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Qadhaa of Witr

Qadhaa of Witr

 

Question:

 

If one has to make qadha of esha salaah, does he have to read the 4 fardh and witr?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Yes, he has to make Qadhaa of both the Fardh and the Witr.

 

Hadhrat `Amr Ibn Al-Aas Radhiallaahu `Anhu delivered the Friday Khutbah and said, Abu Basrah (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) narrated to me that Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Indeed Allaah has added for you a Salaah, and that is Witr, so perform it between (the times of) `Ishaa Salaah and Fajr Salaah.”Musnad of Imaam Ahmad Rahimahullaah. [i]

 

Based on the above Hadeeth Imaam Al-Margheenaanee Rahimahullaah says in Al-Hidaayah: “This is a command of compulsion (i.e. Waajib), therefore it is compulsory to perform Qadhaa of it according to consensus.”  [ii]

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 9th Dhul Qa`dah 1433 – 29th September 2012.

 


 [i]أَنَّ عَمْرَو بْنَ الْعَاصِ، خَطَبَ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَالَ: إِنَّ أَبَا بَصْرَةَ حَدَّثَنِي أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: إِنَّ اللهَ زَادَكُمْ صَلَاةً، وَهِيَ الْوِتْرُ، فَصَلُّوهَا فِيمَا بَيْنَ صَلَاةِ الْعِشَاءِ إِلَى صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ. – رواه الإمام أحمد رحمه الله في مسنده بسند صحيح.

 [ii]أمر وهو للوجوب ولهذا وجب القضاء بالإجماع.

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