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Archive for the ‘Inheritance’ Category

An inheritance question

 

Question:

 

A meerath question: R69000, the mayyit left 5 daughters and 2 sons, and he left a wife, how should it be divided?

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

If these are the only living inheritors, then the distribution will be as follows:

 

The wife will get one eighth (1/8), which is: R8625.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa, Aayah 12: “And for the wives is one fourth if you leave no child. But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you leave, after any bequest you (may have) made or debt.” [i]

 

The rest of the money will be divided amongst the children on a ratio of 2 to 1.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa, Aayah 11: “Allaah instructs you regarding your children; the male shall get what is equal to the share of two females.”[ii]

 

 

So each daughter will get: R6708.33

 

And each son will get: R13416.67

 

The amounts finally totals to: R69000.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 6th Rabee` Al-Awwal 1435 – 8th January 2014.

 


 

[i]وَلَهُنَّ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ. – سورة النساء، آية ١٢.

 [ii]يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ. – سورة النساء، آية ١١.

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Christian woman inheriting from husband

 

Question:

 

If a man marries a Christian woman – and she remains a Christian-, and he dies, will she inherit from him?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Firstly it is not befitting for Muslims to marry Christians as they commit shirk, and Allaah says in Surah Al-Baqarah, Aayah 221: And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. [i]

 

Imaam Al-Jassaas Rahimahullaah reports in his Ahkaamul Qur’aan from Naafi` Rahimahullaah who said that when (Hadhrat) `Abdullaah Ibn `Umar Radhiallaahu `Anhu was asked concerning marrying a Jewish or Christian woman he would say: “Indeed Allaah has forbidden Muslims from marrying polytheists, and I do not know of a shirk bigger – or greater – than that she says her lord is `Eesa (`Alayhis Salaam) or a servant from the servants of Allaah.” [ii]

 

But supposing a man did marry a Christian or a Jewish girl or from any religion other than Islaam for that matter, then he will not inherit from her, neither will she inherit from him.

 

Imaam Al-Bukhaari Rahimahullaah reports in his Saheeh that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “A Kaafir does not inherit from a Muslim, nor does a Muslim inherit from a Kaafir.” [iii]

 

Imaam As-Sarakhsi Rahimahullaah mentions in Al-Mabsoot on the chapter of Kuffaar inheriting and says: “There is no difference of opinion that a Kaafir will not inherit from a Muslim in any state.” [iv]

 

In Fataawaa Darul Iftaa Al-Misriyyah, the late Shaykh `Atiyyah Saqr answered a question posed to him regarding inheritance between Muslims and Kuffaar, in his reply he says: “There is no difference of opinion amongst any of the `Ulamaa that a Kaafir will not inherit from the estate of a Muslim if there was some connection between them of marriage or a blood relationship, like if a Muslim marries a woman from the people of the book and he dies…” [v]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

 

Monday 10th Dhul Qa`dah 1434 – 16th September 2013.

 


 [i]وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَّ وَلَأَمَةٌ مُؤْمِنَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ مُشْرِكَةٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ وَلَا تُنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنُوا وَلَعَبْدٌ مُؤْمِنٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ مُشْرِكٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكُمْ أُولَئِكَ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيُبَيِّنُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ. – سورة البقرة آية 221.

 

 [ii]قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي نَافِعٌ عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ إذَا سُئِلَ عَنْ نِكَاحِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّة قَالَ إنَّ اللَّه حَرَّمَ الْمُشْرِكَاتِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ قَالَ فَلَا أَعْلَمُ مِنْ الشِّرْكِ شَيْئًا أَكْبَرَ أَوْ قَالَ أَعْظَمَ مِنْ أَنْ تَقُولَ رَبُّهَا عِيسَى أَوْ عَبْدٌ مِنْ عَبِيدِ اللَّهِ. –  قاله الإمام الجصاص رحمه الله في كتابه أحكام القرآن.

 

 [iii]عَنْ أُسَامَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا: أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «لاَ يَرِثُ المُسْلِمُ الكَافِرَ وَلاَ الكَافِرُ المُسْلِمَ».  –  رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [iv]ثُمَّ لَا خِلَافَ أَنَّ الْكَافِرَ لَا يَرِثُ الْمُسْلِمَ بِحَالٍ. – قاله الإمام السرخسي رحمه الله في كتابه المبسوط.

 [v]لا خلاف بين أحد من العلماء فى أن الكافر لا يرث من تركة المسلم شيئا إذا كانت بينهما صلة زواج أو قرابة، كأن تزوج المسلم كتابية ومات عنها. – فتاوى دار الإفتاء المصرية، المفتي عطية صقر.مايو 1997 .

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Our father has left us a property that we intend selling, how do we distribute the property between us 5 brothers and 3 sisters?

 

Question:

 

Aslm

I need a urgent answer Respected ulema, please.

Our deceased father has left us a property that is approximately 1000 square meters and which we intend selling at approximately 875 000 rands.

We are 5 brothers and 3 sisters.

Could you please advise us how to distribute the property amongst us siblings?

And please advice on who has right on purchasing the property the neighbour of the property concerned or a family member?

Jazakallah

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

If you children are the only inheritors, meaning the deceased left no parents or wife then the division will be as follows:

 

The 875,000 will be divided into thirteen equal shares, each brother will take 2 shares, and each sister will take one share.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa Aayah 11: “Allaah instructs you concerning your children, the male has equivalent to the share of two females.” [i]

 

So each brother will get R134,615.38

And each sister will get R67,307.69

Which will amount to R874,999,97

 

Then you can just give the last 3 cents in Sadaqah In-Shaa Allaah.

 

With regards to the right of purchasing the property, then whoever has a share in the property will have first preference, then second choice will be given to the one who is affected by the property, and third preference will be given to the muslim neighbour, after them you may sell it to whomsoever you wish.

 

Imaam Al-Margheenaanee Rahimahullaah says in Al-Hidaayah: “The right of Shuf`ah (pre-emption in buying the property) is established for the one who is affected by the item itself, then for the one who is affected by the rights of the item like a drinking well and a common road, and then for the neighbour.” [ii]

 

So if the family member is a partner in the house then he will have first preference.

If for instance the house was originally one big house on one plot that was divided into two, and you own one part, then the person who owns the other part will get next preference.

Lastly your muslim neighbour will get preference.

 

However if none of them are interested in buying it then you may sell it to whoever you want.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 6th Muharram 2012 – 20th November 2012.

 


[i]يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ. – سورة النساء آية ١١.

 [ii]الشفعة واجبة للخليط في نفس المبيع ثم للخليط في حق المبيع كالشرب والطريق ثم للجار.

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