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What was the name of iblis before his disobedience?

 

Question:

 

I was wondering if one of the learned moulanas could clarify what was the name of iblis before his disobedience?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

His name was `Azaazeel, it is Hebrew in origin, like the names of the angels, Jibreel, Meekaa’eel etc.

 

The “Eel” part is Hebrew for “Allaah”, “Jibr” means “slave” and “Eel” is “Allaah”, therefore “Jibreel” means “Slave of Allaah“.

 

Imaam At-Tabari Rahimahullaah reports in Jaami`ul Bayaan Fee ta’weelil Qur’aan that `Ikrimah Rahimahullaah said: “’Jibr’ means ‘slave’, ‘Eel’ means ‘Allaah’.” [i]

 

Likewise with `Azaazeel, the “Eel” part means “Allaah”, while “`Azaaz” means “Strengthened”, so “`Azaazeel” means “Strengthened by Allaah“.

 

Imaam Ibn Abiz Zamanayn Rahimahullaah says in Tafseerul Qur’aanil `Azeez: “It has been said that his name was `Azaazeel, but when Allaah cursed him and became angry with him he (Iblees) lost hope in His mercy, that is: He (Iblees) lost hope, so He named him “Iblees”.” [ii]

 

The name “Iblees” means “One who has lost hope”, in the case of iblees he lost hope of Allaah’s Mercy hence why he became known as Iblees.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

 

Monday 18th Shawwaal 1434 – 26th August 2013.

 


 [i]عن عكرمة في قوله: (جبريل) قال:”جبر” عبد،”إيل” الله. – رواه الإمام الطبري رحمه الله في كتابه جامع البيان في تأويل القرآن.

 

 [ii]وَقِيلَ: إِنَّ إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ اسْمُهُ: عَزَازِيلُ، وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَّا لَعَنَهُ وَغَضِبَ عَلَيْهِ أَبْلَسَ مِنْ رَحْمَتِهِ؛ أَيْ: يَئِسَ؛ فَسَمَّاهُ: إِبْلِيس. – قاله الإمام ابن أبي الزمنين في كتابه تفسير القرآن العزيز.

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Was imran the father of mariam a prophet?

 

Question:

 

Was imran the father of mariam a prophet? I read on a website about imran being a prophet so I just wanted it clarified.

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

We do not know `Imraan, the father of Maryam `Alayhas Salaam as a Nabi.

 

Allaah has mentioned The wife of `Imraan, The family of `Imraan and the Daughter of `Imraan at different places in the Qur’aan, so his name is mentioned explicitly in the Qur’aan, and had he been a Nabi then Allaah would have listed him amongst the other Ambiyaa `Alayhimus Salaam that are also mentioned by name in the Qur’aan, but the fact that Allaah did not do so is an indication of him not being a Nabi.

 

The Mufassireen differ on his full name, Imaam Al-Baghawi Rahimahullaah has reported in his Tafseer Ma`aalimut Tanzeel Fee Tafseeril Qur’aan a few of the opinions:

 

Imaam Muqaatil Rahimahullaah says his name was: `Imraan Ibn Yas’hur. [i]

 

Imaam Hasan and Imaam Wahb Rahimahumallaah say his name was: `Imraan Ibn Ash’ham. [ii]

 

While yet others say it was: `Imraan Ibn Maathaan. [iii]

Imaam Al-Baghawi Rahimahullaah says: “The sons of Maathaan were the leaders, scholars and monks of the children of Israel.” [iv]

 

So what we do know is that he was a pious person, and one of the leaders of Banee Israa’eel, but no one has mentioned him being a Nabi.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Monday 18th Shawwaal 1434 – 26th August 2013.


[i] فَقَالَ مُقَاتِلٌ: هُوَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ يَصْهُرَ. – رواه الإمام البغوي رحمه الله في كتابه معالم التنزيل في تفسير القرآن.

 

 [ii]وَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ وَوَهْبٌ: هُوَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ أَشْهَمَ. – رواه الإمام البغوي رحمه الله في كتابه معالم التنزيل في تفسير القرآن.

 

 

 [iii]وَقِيلَ: عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مَاثَانَ. – رواه الإمام البغوي رحمه الله في كتابه معالم التنزيل في تفسير القرآن.

 

 [iv]وَكَانَ بنو ماثان رؤوس بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَحْبَارَهُمْ وَمُلُوكَهُمْ. – رواه الإمام البغوي رحمه الله في كتابه معالم التنزيل في تفسير القرآن.

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What was Abu Bakr Siddique’s full name?

 

Question:

 

What was Abu Bakr Siddique’s full name?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu `Anhu’s real name was `Abdullaah, his father was known as Abu Quhaafah, whose real name was `Uthmaan, so his actual name is: `Abdullaah Ibn `Uthmaan Radhiallaahu `Anhumaa.

 

Imaam Abul Fath Al-Azdi Rahiamhullaah says in his book: Asmaa’u may Yu`raf Bi Kunyatihi Min As’haabir Rasool (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam): “Abu Bakr: His name was `Abdullaah Ibn Abi Quhaafah, and Abu Quhaafah’s name was `Uthmaan.” [i]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Monday 18th Shawwaal 1434 – 26th August 2013.

 


 [i]أبو بكر: اسمه عبد الله بن أبي قحافة واسم أبى قحافة: عثمان. – قاله الإمام أبو الفتح محمد الأزدي رحمه الله في كتابه أسماء من يعرف بكنيته من أصحاب الرسول (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

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How long did Nabi Nuh Alaihisalam live?

 

Question:

 

How long did Nabi Nuh Alaihisalam call his people to islam? I mean how long did he live?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Allaah speaks about the Da`wah of Hadhrat Nooh `Alayhis Salaam in Surah Al-`Ankaboot Aayah 14 wherein Allaah says: “And Indeed We had sent Nooh (`Alayhis Salaam) to his people so he remained amongst them for a thousand years minus fifty years (i.e. 950 years), then the flood seized them while they were wrongdoers.” [i]

 

Imaam Ibn Katheer Rahimahullaah reports in Tafseer Ibn Katheer that Hadhrat `Abdullaah Ibn `Abbaas Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “Nooh (`Alayhis Salaam) was sent (as a Nabi) when he was forty years old, and he remained amongst his people (calling them to Islaam) for one thousand minus fifty years (i.e. 950 years), and he lived after the flood for sixty years, until the people increased and spread out.” [ii]

 

Imaam Ibn Katheer Rahimahullaah comments on this and says: “And the closest view (i.e. most correct) is that of (Hadhrat) Ibn `Abbaas (Radhiallaahu `Anhu), and Allaah knows best.” [iii]

 

So from that we understand Hadhrat Nooh `Alayhis Salaam lived for a total of one thousand and fifty years, forty years before Nubuwwah, nine hundred and fifty years before the flood and sixty years after the flood.

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Monday 3rd Jumaadaa Al-Aakhir 1434 – 15th April 2013.

 


[i] وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَلَبِثَ فِيهِمْ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا فَأَخَذَهُمُ الطُّوفَانُ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ. – سورة العنكبوت آية ١٤.

 [ii]عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: بُعِثَ نُوحٌ وَهُوَ لِأَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةٍ، وَلَبِثَ فِي قَوْمِهِ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ إِلَّا خَمْسِينَ عَامًا، وَعَاشَ بَعْدَ الطُّوفَانِ سِتِّينَ عَامًا، حَتَّى كَثُرَ النَّاسُ وَفَشَوْا.

 [iii]وَقَوْلُ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَقْرَبُ، وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ

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Who was the sacrificial son?

 

Question:

 

There’s this staunch Christian fellow insisting with my husband that is’haaq (as) was b4 Ismaaeel (as) and that Ibraaheem (as) was commanded to sacrifice Is’haaq and not Ismaaeel!!!!!!

Please give proof from quraan and Hadeeth. Jzk

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is a futile argument of this Christian because regardless of which son was born first it does not make the bible superior to the Qur’aan, which is what he hopes to achieve with this argument.

 

But in any case we say Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam was the first born son, and the sacrificial son, based on the following proofs:

 

1: Allaah mentions the story in Surah Saaffaat and starts from when Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam made du`aa for a son:

 

“My Lord, grant me (a child) from among the righteous. So We gave him glad tidings of a forbearing boy.

And when he reached with him (the age of) exertion, he said, “O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I (must) sacrifice you, so see what you think.” He said, “O my father, do as you are commanded. You will find me, if Allaah wills, of the steadfast.”

And when they had both submitted and he put him down upon his side. We called to him, “O Ibraaheem. You have fulfilled the vision. Indeed, in this manner We reward the doers of good.

Indeed, this was the clear trial. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice. And We left for him (favorable mention) among later generations.”

“Peace be upon Ibraaheem.”

“Indeed, in this manner We reward the doers of good. Indeed, he was of Our believing servants.

And We gave him glad tidings of Is’haaq, a Nabi from among the righteous.”Surah Saffaat Aayaat 100-112. [i]

 

Commenting on this last Aayah, Imaam As-Suyooti Raahimahullaah says in Tafseer Al-Jalaalayn: “This has been used as proof to show that the sacrificial son was not him (i.e. Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam.)” [ii]

 

Which is to say that when Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam made du`aa for a son, then Allaah granted him one, which was Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam, and after this boy had grown up and Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam had undergone this test of sacrificing his only son and passed the test, Allaah then gave him glad tidings of another son by the name of Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam.

 

2: Imaam Ibn Katheer Rahimahullaah says in Tafseer Ibn Katheer commenting on the Aayah: “So We gave him glad tidings of a forbearing boy.

 

He says: “This boy was Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam, because he was the first son that Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam was given glad tidings of, and he is older than Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam according to the consensus of the Muslims and the People of the Book, in fact it’s in the text of their book that Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam was born while Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam was eighty six years old, and Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam was born when Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam was ninety nine years old.

According to them Allaah Ta`aalaa commanded Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam to sacrifice his only son, and in another copy (of their book) his firstborn son, then they falsely and slanderously inserted “Is’haaq” here, and this is not permissible as it contradicts the direct text of their book, the reason why they inserted the name “Is’haaq” (`Alayhis Salaam) is because he is their forefather, while Ismaa`eel (`Alayhis Salaam) is the father of the Arabs, and they became envious of them, so they added that (i.e. Is’haaq) and twisted the meaning of “only son”.” [iii]

 

The altered books of the Jews and Christians today attests to what Imaam Ibn Katheer Rahimahullaah said, as it is mentioned in Genesis 17: 17-19 when according to them Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam was given the glad tidings of another son, it says:

 

“Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?”

And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!”

Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac…” [iv]

 

So even their scriptures mentions that Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam was the first born son, and was the son to be sacrificed, but simply because of their jealousy they twisted their scriptures to make it refer to Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam instead of Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam.

 

Imaam Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah Rahimahullaah says in Zaadul Ma`aad:

 

“Ismaa`eel (`Alayhis Salaam) is the sacrificial son according to the correct view of the `Ulamaa of the Sahaabah and the Taabi`een and those who came after them.

 

As for the saying that it (the sacrificial son) was Is’haaq (`Alayhis Salaam) then it is false from more than twenty angles, and I have heard Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaah) saying: “This saying has been taken from the People of the Book, despite the fact that it is false according to the direct text of their scripture, because it is mentioned in it (their scripture) that Ibraaheem `Alayhis Salaam was commanded to sacrifice his first born, and in another wording, his only son, and there is no doubt between the Muslims and people of the Book that Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam was his first born son, and the thing that has deceived the people who hold this view (that Is’haaq `Alayhis Salaam was the sacrificial son) is that they find in the Torah that is in their hands: “Sacrifice your son Is`haaq”, but this addition is from their distortion and lies, because it contradicts the text which says: “Sacrifice your first born (or) only son”, but the jews envied the children of Ismaa`eel `Alayhis Salaam because of this honour and desired to have it for themselves and possess it instead of the Arabs, but Allaah refuses except to grant His virtue to its people (the Arabs).” [v]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 13th Jumaadaa Al-Oolaa 1434 – 26th March 2013.

 


[i] رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ (100) فَبَشَّرْنَاهُ بِغُلَامٍ حَلِيمٍ (101) فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَهُ السَّعْيَ قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَى فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانْظُرْ مَاذَا تَرَى قَالَ يَا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ مَا تُؤْمَرُ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مِنَ الصَّابِرِينَ (102) فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ (103) وَنَادَيْنَاهُ أَنْ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ (104) قَدْ صَدَّقْتَ الرُّؤْيَا إِنَّا كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ (105) إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْبَلَاءُ الْمُبِينُ (106) وَفَدَيْنَاهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ (107) وَتَرَكْنَا عَلَيْهِ فِي الْآخِرِينَ (108) سَلَامٌ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ (109) كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ (110) إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (111) وَبَشَّرْنَاهُ بِإِسْحَاقَ نَبِيًّا مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ (112)

 

 [ii]اُسْتُدِلَّ بِذَلِكَ عَلَى أَنَّ الذَّبِيح غَيْره. – قاله الإمام السيوطي رحمه الله في تفسير الجلالين.

[iii] {فَبَشَّرْنَاهُ بِغُلامٍ حَلِيمٍ} وَهَذَا الْغُلَامُ هُوَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، فَإِنَّهُ أولُ وَلَدٍ بُشِّرَ بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ، عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، وَهُوَ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ إِسْحَاقَ بِاتِّفَاقِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَأَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ، بَلْ فِي نَصِّ كِتَابِهِمْ أَنَّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ وُلِدَ وَلِإِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، سِتٌّ وَثَمَانُونَ سَنَةً، وَوُلِدَ إِسْحَاقُ وعمْر إِبْرَاهِيمَ تِسْعٌ وَتِسْعُونَ سَنَةً. وَعِنْدَهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى أَمَرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ ابْنَهُ وَحِيدَهُ، وَفِي نُسْخَةٍ: بكْره، فَأَقْحَمُوا هَاهُنَا كَذِبًا وَبُهْتَانًا “إِسْحَاقَ”، وَلَا يَجُوزُ هَذَا لِأَنَّهُ مُخَالِفٌ لِنَصِّ كِتَابِهِمْ، وَإِنَّمَا أَقْحَمُوا “إِسْحَاقَ” لِأَنَّهُ أَبُوهُمْ، وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ أَبُو الْعَرَبِ، فَحَسَدُوهُمْ، فَزَادُوا ذَلِكَ وحَرّفوا وَحِيدَكَ.

[iv] Genesis 17: 17-19 – New International Version (NIV).

 

[v] وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ: هُوَ الذَّبِيحُ عَلَى الْقَوْلِ الصَّوَابِ عِنْدَ عُلَمَاءِ الصَّحَابَةِ وَالتَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ.

وَأَمَّا الْقَوْلُ بِأَنَّهُ إِسْحَاقُ فَبَاطِلٌ بِأَكْثَرَ مِنْ عِشْرِينَ وَجْهًا، وَسَمِعْتُ شَيْخَ الْإِسْلَامِ ابْنَ تَيْمِيَّةَ -قَدَّسَ اللَّهُ رُوحَهُ- يَقُولُ: هَذَا الْقَوْلُ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مُتَلَقًّى عَنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ، مَعَ أَنَّهُ بَاطِلٌ بِنَصِّ كِتَابِهِمْ، فَإِنَّ فِيهِ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ ابْنَهُ بِكْرَهُ، وَفِي لَفْظٍ: وَحِيدَهُ، وَلَا يَشُكُّ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ مَعَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَنَّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ هُوَ بِكْرُ أَوْلَادِهِ، وَالَّذِي غَرَّ أَصْحَابَ هَذَا الْقَوْلِ أَنَّ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ الَّتِي بِأَيْدِيهِمْ: اذْبَحِ ابْنَكَ إِسْحَاقَ، قَالَ: وَهَذِهِ الزِّيَادَةُ مِنْ تَحْرِيفِهِمْ وَكَذِبِهِمْ لِأَنَّهَا تُنَاقِضُ قَوْلَهُ: اذْبَحْ بِكْرَكَ وَوَحِيدَكَ، وَلَكِنَّ الْيَهُودَ حَسَدَتْ بَنِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَلَى هَذَا الشَّرَفِ وَأَحَبُّوا أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُمْ، وَأَنْ يَسُوقُوهُ إِلَيْهِمْ وَيَحْتَازُوهُ لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ دُونَ الْعَرَبِ، وَيَأْبَى اللَّهُ إِلَّا أَنْ يَجْعَلَ فَضْلَهُ لِأَهْلِهِ.

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