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Archive for the ‘`Aqeedah’ Category

Saying Jumah Mubarak

 

Question:

 

On the day of Jumah we usually tell each other “Jumah Mubarak” – But recently I heard someone saying it is a Bidah. Could the Ulama here please clarify this?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam used to habitually say in his (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) Khutbahs: “The worst of matters are the newly invented ones, and every newly invented matter is an innovation, and every innovation is misguidance, and all misguidance is in the fire (of hell).” – Authentic, from Sunan An-Nasaa’i. [i]

 

One new innovation that has sprung up in recent times is the saying “Jumu`ah Mubarak”, this is not something that was taught to us by Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam or the Sahaabah Radhiallaahu `Anhum or the pious predecessors, despite them being much more knowledgeable than us about the virtues and blessings of Jumu`ah.

 

This is besides the fact that it is linguistically incorrect to say “Jumu`ah Mubaarak”, the correct way would be to say “Jumu`ah Mubaarakah”.

 

But in any case, to say “Jumu`ah Mubarak” to a person now and then will be acceptable, as long as a person is aware that this greeting is not from the Sunnah, and it is not made a habit.

 

It was with this in mind that the `Ulamaa had kept silent when it had first surfaced, but the situation today has changed drastically from where it was when it had started.

 

In the early days after its appearance no person with any real knowledge of Islaam would say “Jumu`ah Mubarak”, it was only in vogue amongst people that didn’t really have much knowledge of the Deen, but it slowly crept into the lives of more and more muslims, until it reached the stage where scholars also started sending out Jumu`ah Mubarak messages.

 

Today one finds that some people have stopped greeting on Friday with “Assalaamu `Alaykum” and have replaced it with “Jumu`ah Mubarak”, so where a person would once say “Assalaamu `Alaykum, how are you?” they now say “Jumu`ah Mubarak, how are you?” thereby replacing a Sunnah with a Bid`ah, and Imaam Hassaan Ibn `Atiyyah Rahimahullaah said so aptly as is narrated by Imaam Ash-Shaatibi Rahimahullaah in Al-I`tisaam: No nation introduces an innovation into their religion but that Allaah removes a Sunnah equal to it, and Allaah will not return that Sunnah to them until the day of resurrection”. [ii]

 

So it has reached the stage of being an innovation that should be stopped, because if it is not brought to people’s attention now, then how long will it be before it gets taken as being Sunnah or it replaces other Sunan?

 

May Allaah safeguard us, keep us firm upon the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and grant us all the understanding.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Sunday 7th Jumaadaa Al-Oolaa 1435 – 9th March 2014.


 

 [i]وَشَرُّ الْأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا، وَكُلُّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ، وَكُلُّ ضَلَالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ. – رواه الإمام النسائي رحمه الله في حديث طويل.

 [ii]ما أَحْدَثَ قَوْمٌ بِدْعَةً فِي دِينِهِمْ إِلَّا نَزَعَ اللَّهُ مِنْ سُنَّتِهِمْ مِثْلَهَا، ثُمَّ لَمْ يُعِدْهَا إِلَيْهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ. – رواه الإمام الشاطبي رحمه الله في كتابه الإعتصام عن الإمام حسان بن عطية رحمه الله.

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Taking oaths on things besides Allah

 

Question:

 

Is it true that you cant take oaths on things besides Allah? I see people taking oaths on their parents and things, is this not permissible?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is haraam to take an oath by anyone or anything besides Allaah.

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Know that Allaah has forbidden you to take oaths by your fathers, so whoever takes an oath, then let him take an oath by Allaah, otherwise let him keep silent.” – Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari [i]

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam has also said: “Whoever takes an oath by something other than Allaah has committed Shirk (polytheism).” – Authentic, from Abu Daawood [ii]

 

The actions of people are not a proof in the Sharee`ah, so all these oaths people have like: “I take an oath by the light”, “I swear on my mother”, “By my father’s grave” etc, these are all haraam methods of taking oaths.

 
When a person needs to take an oath, then he should take an oath by Allaah, His Names and Attributes, and avoid everyone and everything else, because regardless of its high status it will not be permissible to take an oath by it.

 

In fact Imaam Ibn `Aabideen Rahimahullaah mentions in Raddul Muhtaar: “It is not considered to be an oath when it is taken by other than Him Ta`aalaa, i.e. by other than His Names and Attributes, even if it’s in an ambiguous way as has been mentioned, rather it’s haraam (to do so) as Al-Quhustaani said, in fact kufr is feared for such a person when he takes oaths like “by my life” and “by your life”. [iii]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 12th Rabee` Al-Awwal 1435 – 14th January 2014.

 


 [i]عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، أَنَّهُ أَدْرَكَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الخَطَّابِ فِي رَكْبٍ وَهُوَ يَحْلِفُ بِأَبِيهِ، فَنَادَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «أَلاَ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهَاكُمْ أَنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ، فَمَنْ كَانَ حَالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ، وَإِلَّا فَلْيَصْمُتْ».  –  رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [ii]سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ، رَجُلًا يَحْلِفُ: لَا وَالْكَعْبَةِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ: إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: «مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَكَ».  –  رواه الإمام أبو داود رحمه الله في سننه.

 

 [iii]أَيْ لَا يَنْعَقِدُ الْقَسَمُ بِغَيْرِهِ تَعَالَى أَيْ غَيْرِ أَسْمَائِهِ وَصِفَاتِهِ وَلَوْ بِطَرِيقِ الْكِنَايَةِ كَمَا مَرَّ، بَلْ يَحْرُمُ كَمَا فِي الْقُهُسْتَانِيِّ، بَلْ يُخَافُ مِنْهُ الْكُفْرُ فِي نَحْوِ وَحَيَاتِي وَحَيَاتِك كَمَا يَأْتِي. – قاله الإمام ابن عابدين رحمه الله في كتابه رد المحتار.

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Does numerology have a place in islam?

 

Question:

 

Salaams. Mufti saheb. Does numerology have a place in islam? What about the abjad numeric value system and islam?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Wa `alaykumus salaam.

 

These things do not have a place in Islaam, because it was not ordained by Allaah and His Rasool Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam, but rather was adopted from the philosophers, and Hadhrat `Aa’ishah Radhiallaahu `Anhaa reports that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

 

“Whoever introduces something into this matter (i.e. Islaam) of ours that is not part of it, it shall be rejected.”Saheeh Muslim. [i]

 

Allaah did not reveal the Qur’aan with secret passages and hidden meanings, rather Allaah revealed the Qur’aan in a clear and unambiguous way.

 

Allaah says in Surah Yaa-Seen, Aayah 69: “And We did not teach him (i.e. Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) poetry nor is it befitting for him, it (the Qur’aan) is not but a reminder and a clear Qur’aan.” [ii]

 

Furthermore Imaam Al-Qarraafi Rahimahullaah reports in Anwaarul Burooq Fee Anwaa’il Furooq: “In Al-I`tisaam of Abu Is’haaq Ash-Shaatibi (he mentions): “If the origin of the Du`aa or Adhkaar is not legislated, like the ones that the scholars claim are based on numerology, and that is the one that Al-Boni and others who follow in his footsteps and are similar to him were interested in, then it is a real compounded innovation, because that knowledge is from philosophy which was taken from their first philosophy teacher, who is Aristotle….” [iii]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

 

Monday 28th Muharram 1435 – 2nd December 2013.

 


 [i]عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [ii]وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُبِينٌ. – سورة يس آية ٦٩.

 [iii]وَفِي الِاعْتِصَامِ لِأَبِي إِسْحَاقَ الشَّاطِبِيِّ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَصْلُ الدُّعَاءِ وَالْأَذْكَارِ غَيْرَ مَشْرُوعٍ كَالَّتِي يَزْعُمُ الْعُلَمَاءُ أَنَّهَا مَبْنِيَّةٌ عَلَى عِلْمِ الْحُرُوفِ، وَهُوَ الَّذِي اعْتَنَى بِهِ الْبَوْنِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ مِمَّنْ حَذَا حَذْوَهُ أَوْ قَارَبَهُ فَهِيَ بِدْعَةٌ حَقِيقَةٌ مُرَكَّبَةٌ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ الْعِلْمَ فَلْسَفَةٌ أَلْطَفُ مِنْ فَلْسَفَةِ مُعَلِّمِهِمْ الْأَوَّلِ وَهُوَ أَرِسْطُو طَالِيسَ... – قاله الإمام القرافي رحمه الله في كتابه أنوار البروق في أنواء الفروق.

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Will we see Allah in jannat?

 

Question:

 

Salaam.  Is it true that we will see Allah in jannat?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Wa `alaykumus salaam.

 

Yes, it is true, the muslims will indeed see Allaah in Jannah, and this is a matter of consensus.

 

Allaah says in Surah Al-Qiyaamah, Aayah 22-23: “On that day (some) faces will be radiant. Looking at their Lord.” [i]

 

Hadhrat Jareer Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “You shall see your Lord with your eyes.” Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. [ii]

 

Imaam At-Tahaawi Rahimahullaah says in Al-`Aqeedatut Tahaawiyyah: “And the seeing (of Allaah) is a fact for the people of Jannah, without encompassment or modality, as the Book of our Lord has said:  “On that day (some) faces will be radiant. Looking at their Lord.” [iii]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 1st Muharram 1435 – 5th November 2013.

 


 [i]وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاضِرَةٌ إِلَى رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ. – سورة القيامة، آية 22 – 23.

 

 [ii]عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «إِنَّكُمْ سَتَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ عِيَانًا». – رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [iii]والرؤية حقٌّ لأهل الجنة بغير إحاطة ولا كيفية، كما نطق به كتاب ربِّنا: وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاضِرَةٌ.  إِلَى رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ. – قاله الإمام الطحاوي رحمه الله في كتابه العقيدة الطحاوية.

 

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