Archive for the ‘Mishkaat Lessons’ Category

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

The first Hadeeth in Mishkaat is the famous Hadeeth of Sayyidinaa ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu with which Imaam Bukhaari Rahimahullaah so aptly starts Saheeh Al-Bukhaari with, because the first and foremost thing to do when starting something is to correct your intention:

عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” إنما الأعمال بالنيات وإنما لكل امرئ ما نوى فمن كانت هجرته إلى الله ورسوله فهجرته إلى الله ورسوله ومن كانت هجرته إلى دنيا يصيبها أو امرأة يتزوجها فهجرته إلى ما هاجر إليه ”

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu said: Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Verily actions are (judged) according to intentions, and for every person will be what he intended, so whoever’s emigration was to (for) Allaah and his Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) then his emigration is to Allaah and His Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam)……..

The next part of the Hadeeth can be translated in two ways depending on how you construct the sentence with regards to the Nahwu (syntax), it can either be translated as:

And whoever’s emigration is towards the world (then) he shall get it, or (towards) a woman (then) he will marry her, so his emigration will be for what he migrated towards.

Or it can be seen as:

And whoever’s emigration is towards the world (so that) he (may) obtain it, or (towards) a woman (so that) he (may) marry her, then his emigration will be for what he emigrated towards.

Both ways are valid in Arabic.

A Niyyah (intention) is very important in Islaam, it is the deciding factor in the acceptance of your deeds, if you do something and there is some shirk in your intention then your deeds will be rejected by Allaah and Allaah will tell you to go to that person you made shirk with and see if you can get your reward from him because Allaah does not accept anything that has a partner in it along with Him.

An intention can also cause you to be rewarded even though you might not be physically doing anything, as in the Hadeeth reported by Imaam Muslim Rahimahullaah in his Saheeh when Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam told the Sahaabah Radhiallaahu ‘Anhum while they were returning from the Ghazwah of Tabook: Verily in Madeenah there are people, that you did not travel any distance, nor pass any valley, but that they were with you, illness has kept them back.

Meaning that these Sahaabah who remained in Madeenah because of their illnesses (which were valid excuses and not faked) they got the same reward as the Mujaahideen who went out and fought, because their intentions were pure and sincere, and if they had not excuses which held them back then they would have been part of those who went out in Jihaad, so they get rewarded just on the basis of their intentions.

An intention will also affect the amount of reward you get for a particular deed, be it an increase or decrease, Imaam ‘Abdullaah Ibn Al-Mubaarak Rahimahullaah said: How often it is that a small action becomes great by its intention. And how often it is that a great action becomes small by its intention.

So we ask Allaah to purify our intentions, and to keep it solely for His sake, Aameen.


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Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Allaahumma ‘Allimnaa Maa Yanfa’unaa, Wanfa’naa Bimaa ‘Allamtanaa Wa Zidnaa ‘Ilmaa…

Allaahumma Laa Sahla Illaa Maa Ja’altahu Sahlaa, Wa Anta Taj’alul Hazna Idhaa Shi’ta Sahlaa…

Allaahummaj’al Nawaayaanaa Khaalisatan Li Wajhikal Kareem.

Introduction to Mishkaat Al-Masaabeeh.

The full name of the Kitaab is Mishkaat Al-Masaabeeh, it was written by Imaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdullaah Al-Khateeb At-Tabreezee Rahimahullaah who passed away in 737 AH.

He based this kitaab of his upon the kitaab of Imaam Al-Baghawi Rahimahullaah who passed away in 512 AH called “Masaabeeh As-Sunnah”, in that kitaab Imaam Al-Baghawi Rahimahullaah had quoted many Ahaadeeth whose Asaaneed (chains) he left out for the sake of being brief, and because of that he was criticised by some ‘Ulamaa even though the narrations may have been authentic, because it was the habit of the Muhadditheen that when they quoted a Hadeeth they would quote the entire chain with it.

So Imaam At-Tabreezee Rahimahullaah decided to set straight some of the things left out by Imaam Al-Baghawi Rahimahullaah, so he added the sources for all the Ahaadeeth, be it from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, or Sunan At-Tirmidhi, or from Al-Bayhaqi and the various other compilations of Hadeeth, without adding the entire chain because whoever wants to know the chain of a particular Hadeeth can then look it up in the Hadeeth book mentioned. He also added chapters, and split it into three parts, the first part for Ahaadeeth which are in Al-Bukhaari and Muslim, the second for Ahaadeeth from the other books of Hadeeth, and the third for any other narrations which is related to the topic.
Mishkaat is not a book of Ahaadeeth like Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, it’s more like Riyaadh As-Saaliheen of Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah which simply quotes Ahaadeeth from the various books of Hadeeth.

With regards to the future lessons (In-Shaa Allaah) and the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth quoted, i will try as far as possible to mention how the Muhadditheen have graded it, Be it Saheeh or Hasan or Dha’eef or Ghareeb etc, and what Masaa’il are derived from the Hadeeth, and what is the meaning of the Hadeeth, and if i make any mistakes in it then inform me so that i may correct it In-Shaa Allaah.

We shall commence with the first Hadeeth in the next lesson In-Shaa Allaah, Wallaahul Musta’aan.

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