Is there a specific order of takbeer and action?
When leading or praying is there a specific order of takbeer and action, in both situations as imam or praying individually?
so for example before going to ruku, when do you say the ‘Allahu Akbar’? before going down in ruku or whilst going down in Ruku’.
if you could please also mention the source.JZk
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:
In all situations the method will be the same, whether you are the Imaam, whether you are performing behind an Imaam or whether you are performing Salaah alone.
The method is that you move with the Takbeer, you start the Takbeer as you begin to move, and you end it when you enter into the new posture.
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates: “When Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam stood up to perform Salaah, he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he stood up, then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he bowed, then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say “Sami`allaahu liman hamidah” until he was standing up straight after bowing, and when he was standing he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say, “Rabbanaa lakal hamd” – or “Rabbanaa walakal hamd” -. Then he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say The Takbeer when he went down in prostration, then he would say the Takbeer when he raised his head, then he would say the Takbeer when he prostrated, then he would say the Takbeer when he raised his head, and he did that throughout the Salaah until he finished. And he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) would say the Takbeer when he stood up after two Rak`ahs after sitting.” – Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. [i]
Imaam Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad Al-Halabi Rahimahullaah says in Ghunyatul Mutamalli: “The Sunnah method of these glorifications (i.e. Takbeer) is to start it (i.e. saying the Takbeer) when starting to move, and end it when ending into the new posture.” [ii]
Therefore a person should not say the Takbeer before moving, nor should he say it only after having entered the next posture, but rather it should be done simultaneously.
And Allaah knows best.
Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.
Tuesday 23rd Jumaadaa Al-Oolaa 1435 – 25th March 2014.