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Archive for January, 2014

Taking oaths on things besides Allah

 

Question:

 

Is it true that you cant take oaths on things besides Allah? I see people taking oaths on their parents and things, is this not permissible?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is haraam to take an oath by anyone or anything besides Allaah.

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Know that Allaah has forbidden you to take oaths by your fathers, so whoever takes an oath, then let him take an oath by Allaah, otherwise let him keep silent.” – Authentic, from Saheeh Al-Bukhaari [i]

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam has also said: “Whoever takes an oath by something other than Allaah has committed Shirk (polytheism).” – Authentic, from Abu Daawood [ii]

 

The actions of people are not a proof in the Sharee`ah, so all these oaths people have like: “I take an oath by the light”, “I swear on my mother”, “By my father’s grave” etc, these are all haraam methods of taking oaths.

 
When a person needs to take an oath, then he should take an oath by Allaah, His Names and Attributes, and avoid everyone and everything else, because regardless of its high status it will not be permissible to take an oath by it.

 

In fact Imaam Ibn `Aabideen Rahimahullaah mentions in Raddul Muhtaar: “It is not considered to be an oath when it is taken by other than Him Ta`aalaa, i.e. by other than His Names and Attributes, even if it’s in an ambiguous way as has been mentioned, rather it’s haraam (to do so) as Al-Quhustaani said, in fact kufr is feared for such a person when he takes oaths like “by my life” and “by your life”. [iii]

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 12th Rabee` Al-Awwal 1435 – 14th January 2014.

 


 [i]عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، أَنَّهُ أَدْرَكَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الخَطَّابِ فِي رَكْبٍ وَهُوَ يَحْلِفُ بِأَبِيهِ، فَنَادَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «أَلاَ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْهَاكُمْ أَنْ تَحْلِفُوا بِآبَائِكُمْ، فَمَنْ كَانَ حَالِفًا فَلْيَحْلِفْ بِاللَّهِ، وَإِلَّا فَلْيَصْمُتْ».  –  رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [ii]سَمِعَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ، رَجُلًا يَحْلِفُ: لَا وَالْكَعْبَةِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ: إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: «مَنْ حَلَفَ بِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ أَشْرَكَ».  –  رواه الإمام أبو داود رحمه الله في سننه.

 

 [iii]أَيْ لَا يَنْعَقِدُ الْقَسَمُ بِغَيْرِهِ تَعَالَى أَيْ غَيْرِ أَسْمَائِهِ وَصِفَاتِهِ وَلَوْ بِطَرِيقِ الْكِنَايَةِ كَمَا مَرَّ، بَلْ يَحْرُمُ كَمَا فِي الْقُهُسْتَانِيِّ، بَلْ يُخَافُ مِنْهُ الْكُفْرُ فِي نَحْوِ وَحَيَاتِي وَحَيَاتِك كَمَا يَأْتِي. – قاله الإمام ابن عابدين رحمه الله في كتابه رد المحتار.

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كم مرة أسجد عند تكرار أية سجدة؟

السؤال:

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

المفتي الكريم!

أنا مسلم حنفي يسكن في دولتك هذه – الحمد لله – و أعمل في شركة. و في كل صباح أهب إلى عملي بدراجتي النارية قبل أن تبرز الغزالة من خدرها و أتلو كثيرا من القران المجيد حينما أركب و أكرر نفس أية السجدة عدة مرات. و إنما سؤالي هذا أنه إذا انتهيت من الركوب فكم سجدة أسجد لها؟ سجدة واحدة فقط إعتبارا لجلسة واحدة على الدراجة النارية أو سجدة لكل مرة أتلوها إعتبارا لتغير الجلسة بتحرك الدراجة؟

أفتني من فضلك!

من أخ متستر.

شكرا جزيلا و جزاك الله خيرا

 

الجواب:

 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه ومن والاه, وبعد:

 

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

 

ليس عليك إلا سجدة واحدة، لأن السير في الطائرات والسيارات وغيرهما إنما هو يعتبر جلسة واحدة، ولا ينقطع المجلس بتحركها.

 

فقد ذكر العلماء في الفتاوى الهندية: “ وَسَيْرُ السَّفِينَةِ لَا يَقْطَعُ الْمَجْلِسَ”[i]

 

وقالوا أيضا: “وَالْمَجْلِسُ وَاحِدٌ وَإِنْ طَالَ” [ii]

 

 

والله أعلم.

 

 

المجيب:

 

عبيد الله بن آدم آل إبراهيم

 

راجعه ووافقه:

 

مفتي رشيد أحمد موسى جي

 

يوم الإثنين ١١ ربيع الأول ١٤٣٥ هـ الموافق لـ ١٣ كانون الثاني ٢٠١٤ مـ

 


 [i] الفتاوى الهندية، الباب الثالث عشر في سجود التلاوة، 1: 134.

 [ii]الفتاوى الهندية، الباب الثالث عشر في سجود التلاوة، 1: 134

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An inheritance question

 

Question:

 

A meerath question: R69000, the mayyit left 5 daughters and 2 sons, and he left a wife, how should it be divided?

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

If these are the only living inheritors, then the distribution will be as follows:

 

The wife will get one eighth (1/8), which is: R8625.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa, Aayah 12: “And for the wives is one fourth if you leave no child. But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you leave, after any bequest you (may have) made or debt.” [i]

 

The rest of the money will be divided amongst the children on a ratio of 2 to 1.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa, Aayah 11: “Allaah instructs you regarding your children; the male shall get what is equal to the share of two females.”[ii]

 

 

So each daughter will get: R6708.33

 

And each son will get: R13416.67

 

The amounts finally totals to: R69000.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 6th Rabee` Al-Awwal 1435 – 8th January 2014.

 


 

[i]وَلَهُنَّ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ. – سورة النساء، آية ١٢.

 [ii]يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ. – سورة النساء، آية ١١.

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Camel hump scarves and hairstyles

 

Question:

 

Assalaamu alaykum,

The camel humps referred to in hadeeth, is that specific to hijaabs being massive as if like camel humps, or does it include hairstyles (at home, not outside) that are huge also?

Jazakallahu khayra

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Wa `alaykumus salaam.

 

The Hadeeth in question is reported by Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu who said that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “There are two groups of the people of Hell that I have not seen (yet), a group who have whips like the tails of cattle with which they beat the people, and women who are clothed yet naked, they cause people to incline (to evil) and they are inclined (to evil), their heads are like the leaning humps of camels, they will not enter Jannah, nor will they (even) get its fragrance, and indeed its fragrance can be smelt from such and such a distance.”  [i] – Authentic, from Saheeh Muslim.

 

The Hadeeth is Mutlaq (unrestricted) when it says: “their heads are like the leaning humps of camels”, there is no mention of scarves or hair etc, therefore it will apply to everything, be it hair or scarves or anything else.

 

Imaam Nizhaamuddeen Ash-Shaashi Rahimahullaah says in Usool Ash-Shaashi: “Something which is unrestricted will be treated as unrestricted (and not restricted).” [ii]

 

Therefore it will not be restricted to only being a scarf, or only referring to hairstyles.

 

Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah also speaks about this in his Sharh (explanation) of Saheeh Muslim and says: “As for “their heads are like the humps of camels” then what it means is that they enlarge their heads with scarves and turbans and other such things which are wrapped on the head until it resembles a hump like the hump of a camel.” [iii]

 

Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah further mentions another explanation for it and says: “Al-Qaadhi has chosen the interpretation which says that the “Maa’ilaat” (those who incline) refers to combing the hair in a leaning style, he said it is done by plaiting the hair then gathering it on top of the centre of the head and tying it there so that it becomes like the hump of a camel.” [iv]

 

So from this we can see that it refers to anything and everything which creates a resemblance to a camel hump, whether it is by wrapping scarves into that style, or gathering the hair on top of the head and covering it with a scarf, or even just having it as a hairstyle at home, it all falls under the purview of this Hadeeth.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

Wednesday 28th Safar 1435 – 1st January 2014.

 


 [i]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «صِنْفَانِ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ لَمْ أَرَهُمَا، قَوْمٌ مَعَهُمْ سِيَاطٌ كَأَذْنَابِ الْبَقَرِ يَضْرِبُونَ بِهَا النَّاسَ، وَنِسَاءٌ كَاسِيَاتٌ عَارِيَاتٌ مُمِيلَاتٌ مَائِلَاتٌ، رُءُوسُهُنَّ كَأَسْنِمَةِ الْبُخْتِ الْمَائِلَةِ، لَا يَدْخُلْنَ الْجَنَّةَ، وَلَا يَجِدْنَ رِيحَهَا، وَإِنَّ رِيحَهَا لَيُوجَدُ مِنْ مَسِيرَةِ كَذَا وَكَذَا».  –  رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [ii]الْمُطلق يجْرِي على إِطْلَاقه. – قاله الإمام نظام الدين الشاشي رحمه الله في كتابه أصول الشاشي.

 [iii]وأما رؤوسهن كأسنمة البخت فمعناه يعظمن رؤوسهن بِالْخُمُرِ وَالْعَمَائِمِ وَغَيْرِهَا مِمَّا يُلَفُّ عَلَى الرَّأْسِ حَتَّى تُشْبِهُ أَسْنِمَةَ الْإِبِلِ الْبُخْتِ. – قاله الإمام النووي رحمه الله في كتابه شرح النووي على مسلم.

 [iv]وَاخْتَارَ الْقَاضِي أَنَّ الْمَائِلَاتِ تُمَشِّطْنَ الْمِشْطَةَ الْمَيْلَاءِ قَالَ وَهِيَ ضَفْرُ الْغَدَائِرِ وَشَدُّهَا إِلَى فَوْقُ وَجَمْعُهَا فِي وَسَطِ الرَّأْسِ فَتَصِيرُ كَأَسْنِمَةِ الْبُخْتِ. – قاله الإمام النووي رحمه الله في كتابه شرح النووي على مسلم.

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