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Archive for June, 2013

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

20 Rakaats Taraweeh.

The issue of the amount of Rakaa`aat that Taraaweeh Salaah is has in recent times become a hot topic, that every year without fail we hear the same old arguments being propogated that 20 Rakaa`aat actually has not real basis and that the “real” Sunnah is to make 8 only, all these are baseless claims which have only surfaced now after more than a thousand years of scholars having consensus on 20, while these people would have us believe that none of this really took place.

 

And this debate always seems to crop up every year just before Ramadhaan starts.

 

For this reason I am posting a link to a book called “20 Rakaats Taraweeh“, wherein the author has systematically taken each claim of the modernists and thoroughly refuted with proof, and shows what exactly is the correct view in this regard.

 

So it is a book I would recommend to all.

 

Wallaahu A`lam.

 

Archive link: http://archive.org/details/20RakatTaraweeh/

 

And a direct download link: Download as PDF

 

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Was this a divorce?

 

Question:

 

A husband, whilst fighting with his wife on their wedding day uttered the words “let’s just pack this whole thing up”, Referring to their nika. Was this a divorce issued from the husband?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Divorce is of two types: Sareeh (explicit) and Kinaayah (ambiguous).

 

Explicit divorce is for example: “Anti Taaliqun” (you are divorced).

 

While all ambiguous wordings which may mean divorce or may mean something else will be judged based on the intention of the husband at the time when he made the statement. If he intended divorce by it then a single Talaaq Baa’in (irrevocable divorce) will take place, and he will have to renew his Nikaah if he wants to continue staying with that woman.

 

However if he did not intend divorce then no divorce will take place. Even if he lies and says he did not intend divorce when in reality he did intend divorce, then too we are forced to give the ruling that no divorce has taken place, because we cannot tell what the hearts conceal. Allaah will take him to task in the hereafter for his lie, but in this world they shall be treated as husband and wife.

 

Imaam Al-Kaasaani Rahimahullaah defines what Kinaayah is in Badaa’i`us Sanaa’i` and says: “It is all those words which are used for divorce and used for other than it as well, like for example: “You are free” or “You are forbidden upon me” etc.” [i]

 

He then says: “Now when these statements have the possibility of referring to divorce or to something other than divorce, its real meaning is hidden to the listener, therefore it requires an intention in order to specify its meaning.” [ii]

 

And he further states: “And there is no difference of opinion that divorce does not take place with any of these ambiguous wordings except with an intention, so if he intended divorce then it will take place between him and Allaah Ta`aalaa, but if he did not intend anything then between him and Allaah Ta`aalaa nothing (no divorce) will take place, and if he mentions any of these (ambiguous wordings) and then (falsely) says: “I did not intend divorce.” He will be liable for that by Allaah Ta`aalaa, because Allaah Ta`aalaa knows his secrets and what he conceals.” [iii]

 

Now in the case in question, this is a prime example of Kinaayah, therefore the man will have to be asked concerning his intention, if he says he intended divorce, well then the marriage is broken, but if he says he just said so out of frustration and had no intention of divorce, then their marriage is intact.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 16th Sha`baan 1434 – 25th June 2013.

 


 

[i]فَهُوَ كُلُّ لَفْظٍ يُسْتَعْمَلُ فِي الطَّلَاقِ وَيُسْتَعْمَلُ فِي غَيْرِهِ نَحْوُ قَوْلِهِ: أَنْتِ بَائِنٌ، أَنْتِ عَلَيَّ حَرَامٌ. – قاله الإمام الكاساني رحمه الله في كتابه بدائع الصنائع.

 [ii]وَإِذَا احْتَمَلَتْ هَذِهِ الْأَلْفَاظُ الطَّلَاقَ وَغَيْرَ الطَّلَاقِ فَقَدْ اسْتَتَرَ الْمُرَادُ مِنْهَا عِنْدَ السَّامِعِ، فَافْتَقَرَتْ إلَى النِّيَّةِ لِتَعْيِينِ الْمُرَادِ. –  قاله الإمام الكاساني رحمه الله في كتابه بدائع الصنائع.

 [iii]وَلَا خِلَافَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَقَعُ الطَّلَاقُ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ أَلْفَاظِ الْكِنَايَةِ إلَّا بِالنِّيَّةِ فَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ نَوَى الطَّلَاقَ يَقَعُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَإِنْ كَانَ لَمْ يَنْوِ لَا يَقَعُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَإِنْ ذَكَرَ شَيْئًا مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ: مَا أَرَدْتُ بِهِ الطَّلَاقَ يُدَيَّنُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى؛ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى يَعْلَمُ سِرَّهُ وَنَجَوَاهُ.  قاله الإمام الكاساني رحمه الله في كتابه بدائع الصنائع.

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Whoever accepts me as a master Ali is his master.

 

Question:

 

Kindly verify for me the following statements “Whoever accepts me as a master Ali is his master” is the statements a Hadeeth or an proverb that’s unauthentic?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

This is an authentic Hadeeth which is found in many of the books of Hadeeth such as Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan, Sunan An-Nasaa’ee, Sunan Ibn Maajah, the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad Rahimahullaah, Al-Mustadrak of Imaam Al-Haakim Rahimahullaah etc.

 

Now while many of the narrations contain a weakness or two in their chains, there are many others that are quite authentic.

 

Imaam At-Tirmidhi Rahimahullaah reports in his Sunan: “Hadhrat Abu Sareehah or Hadhrat Zayd Ibn Arqam Radhiallaahu `Anhumaa said that Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam Said: “Whoever I am a Mawla (master/supporter) for, then `Ali (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) is his Mawla.” [i]

 

Imaam Ahmad Rahimahullaah reports in his Musnad: “Sa`eed Ibn Wahb said: “`Ali (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) beseeched the people, so five or six of the Companions of Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam stood up and bore witness that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever I am a master Mawla (master/supporter) for, then `Ali (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) is his Mawla.” [ii]

 

Imaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaany Rahimahullaah says in Fathul Baari:

 

“As for the Hadeeth: “Whoever I am a Mawla (master/supporter) for, then `Ali (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) is his Mawla.” It has been reported by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasaa’ee and it has many chains (of narration), Ibn `Uqdah has encompassed them in a specialised book, and many of its chains are Saheeh (authentic) and Hasan (sound).” [iii]

 

Imaam Al-`Ajloony Rahimahullaah says in Kashful Khafaa:

 

“Whoever I am a Mawla (master/supporter) for, then `Ali (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) is his Mawla.” Reported by At-Tabaraani and Ahmad and Ad-Dhiyaa (Al-Maqdisee) in Al-Mukhtaarah from Zayd Ibn Arqam, `Alii and thirty of the Sahaabah with the (additional) words “O Allaah befriend those who befriend him, and be the enemy of those who take him as an enemy.” So the Hadeeth is (either) Mutawaatir (related through continuous mass transmission) or Mash’hoor (well known).” [iv]

 

So the Hadeeth is authentic and the problem lies not in the Hadeeth itself, the problem lies in people like the shia who try to misinterpret this Hadeeth to suit their false beliefs, whereby they try to raise Hadhrat `Ali Radhiallaahu `Anhu just about to the level of a Nabi, and claim that Hadhrat `Ali Radhiallaahu `Anhu has more virtue than Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu `Anhu and that the Khilaafah actually belonged to him etc, but these are all false lies.

 

In fact on the point of the virtue of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu `Anhu over Hadhrat `Ali Radhiallaahu `Anhu and the other Sahaabah, Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah has a detailed discussion regarding it in his Al-Fataawaa Al-Kubraa, and he mentions therein that there is Ijmaa` (consensus) on the fact that Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu `Anhu is the most virtuous, then Hadhrat `Umar Radhiallaahu `Anhu, then Hadhrat `Uthmaan Radhiallaahu `Anhu, then Hadhrat `Ali Radhiallaahu `Anhu.

 

Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullaah says: “All praise is due to Allaah, as for the virtue of Abu Bakr and `Umar over `Uthmaan and `Ali, then this is something which is agreed upon by the Muslim scholars who are well known for their leadership in knowledge and piety, from the Sahaabah and the Taabi`een and those who followed them, and it is the belief of (Imaam) Maalik and the people of Madeenah, and of Layth Ibn Sa`d and the people of Egypt, and of Al-Awzaa`ee and the people of the Levant, and of Sufyaan Ath-Thawri, Abu Haneefah, Hammaad Ibn Zayd, Hammaad Ibn Salamah and their likenesses from the people of `Iraaq.

 

It is (also) the belief of (Imaam) Ash-Shaafi`i, (Imaam) Ahmad, Is’haaq (Ibn Raahawayh), and Abu `Ubayd and others besides them from the scholars of Islaam who have a truthful tongue for the Ummah.

 

And (Imaam) Maalik has narrated consensus from the people of Madeenah on that and said: “I have not found anyone that I follow that doubts the precedence of Abu Bakr and `Umar (Radhiallaahu `Anhum).” [v]

 

Likewise whatever other claims the shia try to make using this Hadeeth as proof, then it is just as far removed from the reality.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

 

Tuesday 9th Sha`baan 1434 – 18th June 2013.

 


 [i]عَنْ أَبِي سَرِيحَةَ، أَوْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ – شَكَّ شُعْبَةُ – عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ»: «هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ» .  –  رواه الإمام الترمذي رحمه الله في سننه.

 [ii]سَعِيدَ بْنَ وَهْبٍ قَالَ: نَشَدَ عَلِيٌّ النَّاسَ، فَقَامَ خَمْسَةٌ أَوْ سِتَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَشَهِدُوا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: ” مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ “ .  –  رواه الإمام أحمد رحمه الله في مسنده.

 [iii]وَأَمَّا حَدِيثُ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ فَقَدْ أَخْرَجَهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَهُوَ كَثِيرُ الطُّرُقِ جِدًّا وَقد استوعبها بن عُقْدَةَ فِي كِتَابٍ مُفْرَدٍ وَكَثِيرٌ مِنْ أَسَانِيدِهَا صِحَاحٌ وَحِسَانٌ. –  قاله الإمام ابن حجر العسقلاني رحمه الله في كتابه فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري.

 [iv]“من كنت مولاه؛ فعلي مولاه”.

رواه الطبراني وأحمد والضياء في “المختارة” عن زيد بن أرقم، وعلي وثلاثين من الصحابة بلفظ: “اللهم وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه”؛ فالحديث متواتر أو مشهور. –  قاله الإمام العجلوني رحمه الله في كتابه كشف الخفاء ومزيل الإلتباس.

 [v]الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، أَمَّا تَفْضِيلُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ ثُمَّ عُمَرَ عَلَى عُثْمَانَ وَعَلِيٍّ. فَهَذَا مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ بَيْنَ أَئِمَّةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ الْمَشْهُورِينَ بِالْإِمَامَةِ فِي الْعِلْمِ وَالدِّينِ: مِنْ الصَّحَابَةِ وَالتَّابِعِينَ وَتَابِعِيهِمْ؛ وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ مَالِكٍ وَأَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَاللَّيْثِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَأَهْلِ مِصْرَ وَالْأَوْزَاعِي وَأَهْلِ الشَّامِ؛ وَسُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ وَأَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَحَمَّادِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَحَمَّادِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ وَأَمْثَالِهِمْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِرَاقِ. وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ الشَّافِعِيِّ وَأَحْمَد وَإِسْحَاقَ وَأَبِي عُبَيْدٍ وَغَيْرِ هَؤُلَاءِ: مِنْ أَئِمَّةِ الْإِسْلَامِ الَّذِينَ لَهُمْ لِسَانُ صِدْقٍ فِي الْأُمَّةِ. وَحَكَى مَالِكٌ إجْمَاعَ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ عَلَى ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ مَا أَدْرَكْت أَحَدًا مِمَّنْ أَقْتَدِي بِهِ يَشُكُّ فِي تَقْدِيمِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ. –  قاله الإمام ابن تيمية رحمه الله في كتابه الفتاوى الكبرى.

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Does a muazzin get the sawaab of 40 million prophets?

 

Question:

 

Salaam. I read in a book that a muazzin gets the sawaab of 40 million prophets, is this true?

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

This is a fabrication and not the words of Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam.

 

The full text of the narration is as follows:

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah and Hadhrat `Abdullaah Ibn `Abbaas Radhiallaahu `Anhumaa said:

 

“Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam delivered a sermon to us and said: “Whoever takes on the duty of calling the Adhaan from a Masjid of the Masaajid of Allaah Ta`aalaa, seeking thereby the pleasure of Allaah `Azza Wa Jall, Allaah Ta`aalaa will grant him the reward of forty million Ambiyaa, ad forty million Siddeeqeen, and forty million martyrs, and forty million nations will enter into his intercession, and (he will be able to intercede for) forty million people from each nation, and for him shall be in every portion of the Jannaat (Paradises) forty million abodes, in each abode forty million houses, in each house forty million beds, on each bed (he shall have) a wife from the Hoorul `Een, the spaciousness of each house shall be forty million times the size of the earth, in front of each wife will be forty million servants, in each house there shall be forty million table spreads, each table spread shall have forty million plates, each plate having forty million types (of food), if all of man and jinn were to take up lodgings in the smallest of the houses it would be spacious enough for them for what they desire with regards to food, drink, clothing, perfume, fruit, types of masterpieces and exquisite items, jewellery and garments, each house has sufficiently enough of these things (to not require anything) from the next house.

And when the Mu’adhhin says: “I bear witness that there is no God but Allaah”, seventy million angels surround him, each one of them sending salutations upon him and seeking forgiveness for him, and he will be in the shadow of the Mercy of Allaah `Azza Wa Jall until he completes (the Adhaan), and his reward will be written by forty million angels then they will ascend with it to Allaah Ta`aalaa.”- Reported in Bughyatul Baahith `An Zawaa’idi Musnadil Haarith. [i]

 

Imaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaany Rahimahullaah reports this narration in Al-Mataalibul `Aaliyah Bi Zawaa’idil Masaaneedith Thamaaniyah and follows it up by saying:

 

“This is a fabrication which has been made up by Maysarah Ibn `Abdi Rabbihi, May Allaah disfigure him for what he has fabricated.” [ii]

 

So in short, it is something which people have made up and falsely attributed it to Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam, but it is not the words of Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 3rd Sha`baan 1434 – 12th June 2013.

 


 

[i]عن أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وابن عباس رضي الله عنهم قَالَا خَطَبَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ ” مَنْ تَوَلَّى أَذَانَ مَسْجِدٍ مِنْ مساجد الله تعالى يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ وجه الله عز وجل أعطاه الله تعالى ثَوَابَ أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ نَبِيٍّ وَأَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ صِدِّيقٍ وَأَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ شَهِيدٍ ويدخل في شَفَاعَتَهُ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ أُمَّةٍ فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ رَجُلٍ وَلَهُ في كل جزء مِنَ الجنات أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ دَارٍ فِي كُلِّ دَارٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ بَيْتٍ فِي كُلِّ بَيْتٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ سَرِيرٍ عَلَى كُلِّ سَرِيرٍ زَوْجَةٌ مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِينِ سَعَةُ كُلِّ بَيْتٍ مِنْهَا سَعَةُ الدُّنْيَا أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَرَّةٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ كُلِّ زَوْجَةٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ وَصِيفَةٍ فِي كُلِّ بَيْتٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَائِدَةٍ عَلَى كُلِّ مَائِدَةٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ قَصْعَةٍ فِي كُلِّ قَصْعَةٍ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ لَوْنٍ لَوْ نَزَلَ بِهِ الثقلان لأوسعهم بأدنى بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِهِ بِمَا شاءا مِنَ الطَّعَامِ وَالشَّرَابِ وَاللِّبَاسِ وَالطِّيبِ وَالثِّمَارِ وَأَلْوَانِ التُّحَفِ وَالطَّرَائِفِ وَالْحُلِيِّ وَالْحُلَلِ كُلُّ بَيْتٍ مِنْهَا مُكْتَفٍ بِمَا فِيهِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْأَشْيَاءِ عَنِ الْبَيْتِ الْآخَرِ فَإِذَا قَالَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ اكْتَنَفَهُ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَلَكٍ كُلُّهُمْ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَيْهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لَهُ وَهُوَ فِي ظِلِّ رحمة الله عز وجل حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ وَيَكْتُبُ لَهُ ثَوَابَهُ أَرْبَعُونَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَلَكٍ ثُمَّ يَصْعَدُونَ بِهِ إلى الله تعالى. – روي في بغية الباحث عن زوائد مسند الحارث.

 

 [ii]هَذَا مَوْضُوعٌ اخْتَلَقَهُ مَيْسَرَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ فَقَبَّحَهُ اللَّهُ فِيمَا افْتَرَى. – قاله الإمام ابن حجر العسقلاني رحمه الله في كتابه المطالب العالية بزوائد المسانيد الثمانية.

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