Keeping rats as pets
Aslkm, would just like to find out something plz. What is the islmaic rule regarding- to keep rodents (mice,rats,hamsters etc) as pets?
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:
A rodent is a creature which Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam has termed “Fuwaysiqah” (a small corrupt harmful creature), and Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam has even given permission for a person in Ihraam to kill it.
Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “The Muhrim (one in Ihraam) can kill a snake, a scorpion, a kite (hawk-like bird), a rabid dog and a fuwaysiqah.” I (the narrator) asked (the Sahaabi narrating the Hadeeth): “What is the Fuwaysiqah?” He replied: “The rat/mouse.” I asked: “And what’s the problem with rats/mice?” He replied: “Nabi Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam woke up (one night) and it (the rodent) had taken the candle and climbed up to the roof to burn it (the house) down upon him.” [i]
Furthermore rodents are regarded as “Khabaa’ith” (dirty impure creatures) and that is why they are not permissible to eat.
Imaam `Abdul Ghani Al-Ghunaymi Rahimahullaah mentions in Al-Lubaab Fee Sharhil Kitaab: “And (it is not permissible to eat) rats/mice and geckos and snakes, because they are of the dirty impure creatures.” [ii]
Now when the Sharee`ah has termed vermin as evil, dirty, impure corrupt creatures, it therefore is unbefitting of a Muslim to take such creatures as pets.
However it will be permissible to keep a hamster as a pet.
And Allaah knows best.
Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.
Thursday 27th Jumaadaa Al-Aakhir 1434 – 9th May 2013.
[i]عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” يَقْتُلُ الْمُحْرِمُ: الْأَفْعَى، وَالْعَقْرَبَ، وَالْحِدَاءَ، وَالْكَلْبَ الْعَقُورَ، وَالْفُوَيْسِقَةَ “، قُلْتُ مَا الْفُوَيْسِقَةُ؟ قَالَ: ” الْفَأْرَةُ “، قُلْتُ: وَمَا شَأْنُ الْفَأْرَةِ؟ قَالَ: إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اسْتَيْقَظَ، وَقَدْ أَخَذَتِ الْفَتِيلَةَ، فَصَعِدَتْ بِهَا إِلَى السَّقْفِ لِتُحَرِّقَ عَلَيْهِ. – رواه الإمام أحمد رحمه الله في مسنده.