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Can a woman lead men in salaat?

 

 

Question:

 

Can a woman lead men in salaat? If a man performs salaat behind a woman, will he have to repeat that salaat? Some groups in Canada and America who are associated with homosexual groups say it’s permissible for women to lead men in salaat.

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

It is not permissible for a woman to lead men in Salaah, this is an innovation that has been introduced in these latter times by women rights groups that wants women to stand side by side with men, and this innovation is addressed in the Hadeeth of Hadhrat `Aa’ishah Radhiallaahu `Anhaa, where she reports that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

 

“Whoever introduces something into this matter (i.e. Islaam) of ours that is not part of it, it shall be rejected.”Saheeh Muslim. [i]

 

Regarding these gay groups, they do not accept the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, so there’s no need to even reply to them. Ironically these people are not even certain whether they’re men or women, so in reality, who’s the Imaam of who?

 

But for people who follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the illustrious `Ulamaa, then this is the ruling:

From a Hadeeth point of view, Imaam Al-Bayhaqi Rahimahullaah has a chapter in his Sunan Al-Kubraa titled: “No man may follow a woman in Salaah.” [ii]

 

In that chapter he reports the following Ahaadeeth:

 

Hadhrat Abu Bakrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that when the news reached Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam that the Persians had made the daughter of Kisraa (title used for their kings) their queen, Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “A nation who entrusts their affairs to a woman will never be successful.” [iii]It is an authentic Hadeeth, also reported by Imaam Al-Bukhaari Rahimahullaah in his Saheeh.

 

And indeed, Salaah is one of the most important affairs in the life of a Muslim.

 

He continues and quotes:

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu said that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “The best row (in Salaah) for men is the first one, and their worst one is the last one, and the best row for women is the last one and their worst one is the first one.” [iv]It is an authentic Hadeeth, also reported by Imaam Muslim Rahimahullaah in his Saheeh.

 

This action of theirs is in direct conflict to this Hadeeth, because they are not even in the front row of the women, which is their worst row, but in fact they are right in front of all the men.

 

He then ends the chapter by quoting:

 

Hadhrat Jaabir Ibn `Abdillaah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that he heard Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam on his (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) pulpit saying: “Let it be known, that no woman may ever lead a man in Salaah.” [v]This narration, although it has some weakness in it, but its meaning is accepted as being authentic by the `Ulamaa.

 

Hadhrat `Abdullaah Ibn Mas`ood Radhiallaahu `Anhu said: “Put them in the back where Allaah has put them.” [vi]Musannaf `Abdur Razzaaq Rahimahullaah.

 

 

As for the views of the four Madhaahib:

 

Hanafi Madhab:

 

Imaam Al-Haskafi Rahimahullaah says in Ad-Durrul Mukhtaar: “And it is not permissible for a man to follow a woman (in Salaah).” [vii]

 

Imaam Az-Zayla`ee Rahimahullaah says in Tabyeenul Haqaa’iq: “The salaah is invalid of a man performing behind a woman or child.” [viii]

 

The same is stated by Imaam Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad Al-Halabi Rahimahullaah in Multaqaa Al-Ab’har. [ix]

 

Shaafi`i Madhab:

 

Imaam Ash-Shaafi`i Rahimahullaah says in Kitaabul Umm: “And it is not permissible for a woman to be an Imaam for men in Salaah ever under any circumstance.” [x]

 

Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah says in Al-Majmoo`: “Our companions (the shaafi`i scholars) have consensus that the Salaah of a male adult or child behind a woman is not permissible.” [xi]

 

Hanbali Madhab:

 

Imaam Ibn Qudaamah Rahimahullaah says in Al-Mughni: “As for (the ruling concerning) a woman, then it is not valid for a man to perform Salaah behind her under any circumstance, be it in Fardh or Nafl (Salaah).” [xii]

 

Imaam Mansoor Al-Bahwati Rahimahullaah says in Kashshaaf Al-Qinaa`: “And it is not permissible for a woman to be an imaam for men, because of what Ibn Maajah has narrated from (Hadhrat) Jaabir (Radhiallaahu `Anhu) narrating it from Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam: ‘No woman may ever lead a man (in Salaah)’” [xiii]

 

 

Maaliki Madhab:

 

Imaam An-Nafraawi Rahimahullaah says in Al-Fawaakihud Dawaani: “And it is not correct for a woman to lead men or women in Fardh or Nafl Salaah, because of the Hadeeth: ‘A nation who entrusts their affairs to a woman will never be successful’” [xiv]

 

Imaam Al-Qurtubi Rahimahullaah says in his Tafseer Al-Jaami` Li Ahkaamil Qur’aan: “Our (Maaliki) scholars say, it not valid for her (a woman) to be an Imaam for men nor women.” [xv]

 

 

Therefore, salaah of a man behind a woman is not valid, and if a man performs Salaah behind a woman then he will have to repeat his Salaah.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 6th Muharram 2012 – 20th November 2012.

 


 [i]عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [ii]بَابُ: لَا يَأْتَمُّ رَجُلٌ بِامْرَأَةٍ.

 

 [iii]بَلَغَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّ أَهْلَ فَارِسَ مَلَّكُوا عَلَيْهِمُ ابْنَةَ كِسْرَى، فَقَالَ: لَنْ يُفْلِحَ قَوْمٌ وَلَّوْا أَمْرَهُمُ امْرَأَةً. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وهو حديث صحيح، رواه الإمام البخاري رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 

 [iv]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: خَيْرُ صُفُوفِ الرِّجَالِ أَوَّلُهَا، وَشَرُّهَا آخِرُهَا، وَخَيْرُ صُفُوفِ النِّسَاءِ آخِرُهَا، وَشَرُّهَا أَوَّلُهَا. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وهو حديث صحيح، رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [v]عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَلَى مِنْبَرِهِ يَقُولُ، فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ وَفِيهِ ” أَلَا وَلَا تَؤُمَّنَّ امْرَأَةٌ رَجُلًا. – رواه الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله في سننه، وقال: وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ فِي إِسْنَادِهِ ضعْفٌ، ثم قال: وَهُوَ مَذْهَبُ الْفُقَهَاءِ السَّبْعَةِ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ فَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ.

 [vi]فَكَانَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ يَقُولُ: «أَخِّرُوهُنَّ حَيْثُ أَخَّرَهُنَّ اللَّهُ. – رواه الإمام عبد الرزاق رحمه الله في مصنفه.

 

 [vii]وَلَا يَصِحُّ اقْتِدَاءُ رَجُلٍ بِامْرَأَةٍ.

 

 [viii]وَفَسَدَ اقْتِدَاءُ رَجُلٍ بِامْرَأَةٍ أَوْ صَبِيٍّ.

 

 [ix]وَفَسَد اقْتِدَاء رجل بِامْرَأَة أَو صبي.

 

 [x]وَلَا يَجُوزُ أَنْ تَكُونَ امْرَأَةٌ إمَامَ رَجُلٍ فِي صَلَاةٍ بِحَالٍ أَبَدًا.

 [xi]وَاتَّفَقَ أَصْحَابُنَا عَلَى أَنَّهُ لَا تَجُوزُ صَلَاةُ رَجُلٍ بَالِغٍ وَلَا صَبِيٍّ خَلْفَ امرأة.

 [xii]وَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ فَلَا يَصِحُّ أَنْ يَأْتَمَّ بِهَا الرَّجُلُ بِحَالٍ، فِي فَرْضٍ وَلَا نَافِلَةٍ.

 

 [xiii](وَلَا تَصِحُّ إمَامَةُ امْرَأَةٍ) بِرِجَالٍ لِمَا رَوَى ابْنُ مَاجَهْ عَنْ جَابِرٍ مَرْفُوعًا «لَا تَؤُمَّنَّ امْرَأَةٌ رَجُلًا».

 [xiv](وَلَا) يَصِحُّ أَنْ (تَؤُمَّ الْمَرْأَةُ فِي فَرِيضَةٍ وَلَا نَافِلَةٍ لَا رِجَالًا وَلَا نِسَاءً) لِخَبَرِ «لَنْ يُفْلِحَ قَوْمٌ وَلَّوْا أَمْرَهُمْ امْرَأَةً».

 

 [xv]قُلْتُ: وَقَالَ عُلَمَاؤُنَا لَا تَصِحُّ إِمَامَتُهَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلَا لِلنِّسَاءِ.

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Our father has left us a property that we intend selling, how do we distribute the property between us 5 brothers and 3 sisters?

 

Question:

 

Aslm

I need a urgent answer Respected ulema, please.

Our deceased father has left us a property that is approximately 1000 square meters and which we intend selling at approximately 875 000 rands.

We are 5 brothers and 3 sisters.

Could you please advise us how to distribute the property amongst us siblings?

And please advice on who has right on purchasing the property the neighbour of the property concerned or a family member?

Jazakallah

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

If you children are the only inheritors, meaning the deceased left no parents or wife then the division will be as follows:

 

The 875,000 will be divided into thirteen equal shares, each brother will take 2 shares, and each sister will take one share.

 

Allaah says in Surah An-Nisaa Aayah 11: “Allaah instructs you concerning your children, the male has equivalent to the share of two females.” [i]

 

So each brother will get R134,615.38

And each sister will get R67,307.69

Which will amount to R874,999,97

 

Then you can just give the last 3 cents in Sadaqah In-Shaa Allaah.

 

With regards to the right of purchasing the property, then whoever has a share in the property will have first preference, then second choice will be given to the one who is affected by the property, and third preference will be given to the muslim neighbour, after them you may sell it to whomsoever you wish.

 

Imaam Al-Margheenaanee Rahimahullaah says in Al-Hidaayah: “The right of Shuf`ah (pre-emption in buying the property) is established for the one who is affected by the item itself, then for the one who is affected by the rights of the item like a drinking well and a common road, and then for the neighbour.” [ii]

 

So if the family member is a partner in the house then he will have first preference.

If for instance the house was originally one big house on one plot that was divided into two, and you own one part, then the person who owns the other part will get next preference.

Lastly your muslim neighbour will get preference.

 

However if none of them are interested in buying it then you may sell it to whoever you want.

 

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 6th Muharram 2012 – 20th November 2012.

 


[i]يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ. – سورة النساء آية ١١.

 [ii]الشفعة واجبة للخليط في نفس المبيع ثم للخليط في حق المبيع كالشرب والطريق ثم للجار.

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I want to ask how many shares I must slaughter in an ox

 

Question:

 

i want to ask that how many shares are must in an ox slaughter? please tell me in detail? thank you

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

An ox, like a cow, buffalo and similar animals contains seven shares, a single share is enough to fulfil the obligation for one person, it is not necessary to take all seven shares for your slaughter to be valid.

 

Hadhrat Jaabir Radhiallaahu `Anhu said that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “A cow (suffices) for seven (people), and a camel (suffices) for seven (people).” Sunan Abu Daawood. [i]

 

Hadhrat Jaabir Radhiallaahu `Anhu also said: “We would make Tamattu` (`Umrah & Hajj in one journey) during the lifetime of Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam slaughtering a cow for seven people and a camel for seven people while sharing in it.”Sunan Abu Daawood. [ii]

 

So you can have six other people join you in slaughtering an ox, provided that their intentions are to gain closeness to Allaah and not for the sake of the meat.

 

Imaam Al-Kaasaanee Rahimahullaah says in Badaa’i `us Sanaa’i`: “If seven people become partners in a camel or cow, all of them intending gaining closeness to Allaah by means of Udh`hiyyah and other types besides it that is done for gaining closeness to Allaah (e.g. such as the animals that are sacrificed as penalties on Hajj) but one of their intentions is only to get meat thereby (and not for any religious reason), then none of their sacrifice will be permissible, not the one intending Udh’hiyyah nor any of the others who intended gaining closeness to Allaah.” [iii]

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Wednesday 22nd Dhul Hijjah 1433 – 7th November 2012.


 [i]عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: الْبَقَرَةُ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ، وَالْجَزُورُ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ. – رواه الإمام أبو داود رحمه الله في سننه بسند صحيح.

 [ii]عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: «كُنَّا نَتَمَتَّعُ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ نَذْبَحُ الْبَقَرَةَ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ، وَالْجَزُورَ عَنْ سَبْعَةٍ نَشْتَرِكُ فِيهَا. – رواه الإمام أبو داود رحمه الله في سننه بسند صحيح.

 

 [iii]لَوْ اشْتَرَكَ سَبْعَةٌ فِي بَعِيرٍ أَوْ بَقَرَةٍ كُلُّهُمْ يُرِيدُونَ الْقُرْبَةَ؛ الْأُضْحِيَّةَ أَوْ غَيْرَهَا مِنْ وُجُوهِ الْقُرَبِ إلَّا وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ يُرِيدُ اللَّحْمَ – لَا يُجْزِي وَاحِدًا مِنْهُمْ مِنْ الْأُضْحِيَّةَ وَلَا مِنْ غَيْرِهَا مِنْ وُجُوهِ الْقُرَبِ.

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Making zikr e fatimi after the farz salat

 

Question:

 

This practise of people making zikr e fatimi after the farz salat 33x tasbih 33x tahmid and 34x takbir, is there any basis for it? Because someone told me it should only be done 33x tasbih, 33x tahmid, 33x takbir and then one extended tahlil to make it 100. Please advise.

 

 

Answer:

 

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.

 

Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:

 

Both ways are authentically reported in the Sunnah, both Ahaadeeth are found in Saheeh Muslim.

 

The Hadeeth that speaks of 33, 33 and 34 is as follows:

 

Hadhrat Ka`b Ibn `Ujrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu reports that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “There are some things (i.e. glorifications) that the one who says it – or does it – after the obligatory prayers will not lose out, (that is) thirty three times Tasbeeh (Subhaanallaah), thirty three times Tahmeed (Alhamdulillaah), and thirty four times Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar).” Saheeh Muslim. [i]

 

While the Hadeeth that mentions the other way is:

 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever glorifies (Tasbeeh) Allaah thirty three times after every (fardh) Salaah, and praises (Tahmeed) Allaah thirty three times, and declares the greatness of Allaah (Takbeer) thirty three times, that is (equals) ninety nine, and the completion of the hundred is (to say): ‘Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer’,(if he says that) his sins will be forgiven even if it is as much as the foam of the ocean.” – Saheeh Muslim.[ii]

 

So therefore since both narrations are authentic, the best thing to do is to recite it 33x Tasbeeh, 33x Tahmeed, 34x Takbeer and then end with Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer, as Imaam An-Nawawi Rahimahullaah says in his explanation of Saheeh Musim:

 

“A person ought to take precaution and make thirty three Tasbeeh, thirty three Tahmeed, thirty four Takbeer, and say with it Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu until the end (i.e. lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer), to combine the narrations.”[iii]

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

Answered by:

Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.

 

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.

 

Tuesday 21st Dhul Hijjah 1433 – 6th November 2012.


 [i]عَنْ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: مُعَقِّبَاتٌ لَا يَخِيبُ قَائِلُهُنَّ – أَوْ فَاعِلُهُنَّ – دُبُرَ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ، ثَلَاثٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَسْبِيحَةً، وَثَلَاثٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَحْمِيدَةً، وَأَرْبَعٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ تَكْبِيرَةً. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [ii]عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللهَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَحَمِدَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، وَكَبَّرَ اللهَ ثَلَاثًا وَثَلَاثِينَ، فَتْلِكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ، وَقَالَ: تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ. – رواه الإمام مسلم رحمه الله في صحيحه.

 [iii]فَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَحْتَاطَ الْإِنْسَانُ فَيَأْتِيَ بِثَلَاثٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ تَسْبِيحَةً وَمِثْلُهَا تَحْمِيدَاتٌ وَأَرْبَعٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ تَكْبِيرَةً وَيَقُولُ مَعَهَا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ إِلَى آخِرِهَا لِيَجْمَعَ بَيْنَ الرِّوَايَاتِ. –  قاله الإمام النووي رحمه الله في شرحه على صحيح مسلم.

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