I wanted to know about men wearing rings: what’s allowed? what’s not allowed?
I wanted to know about men wearing rings: what’s allowed? what’s not allowed? How much silver can they wear? Are wedding rings allowed for men?
And there’s conflict regarding women wearing fake rings, what is the ruling regarding wearing rings that are not real gold/silver?
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:
Wa `alaykumus salaam.
For men, the only permissible material that a ring can be made of is silver. Gold, platinum, white gold, brass, copper, metal, lead etc are all impermissible for men.
`Abdullaah Ibn Buraydah narrates from his father who said: “A man came to Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam wearing a brass ring, so he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) asked him: “Why do I get the smell of idols from you?” So he threw it (the ring) away. Then he came and he was wearing an iron ring, so he (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Why do I see the jewellery of the inmates of hell on you?” So he threw it away, and he asked: “O Rasool of Allaah (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) from what material should I make it?” He (Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Make it of silver, and do not make it (equal to) a complete Mithqaal (about 4.374 grams).”– Sunan Abu Daawood. [i]
Commenting on this Hadeeth, Mullaa `Ali Al-Qaaree Rahimahullaah says in Mirqaatul Mafaateeh: “Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Abu Daawood and An-Nasaa’ee, with a Hasan chain, in fact Ibn Hibbaan has graded it as Saheeh.” [ii]
This Hadeeth lays down the law with regards to the wearing of rings by men.
Imaam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Ash-Shaybaani Rahimahullaah says in his Al-Muwatta: “It is not correct for a man to wear a ring of gold, nor iron, nor brass, nor made out of anything besides silver, as for women, then there is no problem in them wearing gold rings.” [iii]
As for the ceremony of giving wedding rings, then that is from the customs of the Kuffaar which should be avoided.
Hadhrat `Abdullaah Ibn `Umar Radhiallaahu `Anhu narrates that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever imitates a nation, then he is of them.” – Sunan Abu Daawood. [iv]
The issue with women’s rings is based upon the fact that we say it is not permissible for a woman to wear a ring made of iron, nor brass, nor copper, nor lead, based upon the Hadeeth quoted earlier from Sunan Abu Daawood.
Imaam Abu Bakr Al-Haddaadee Rahimahullaah mentions in Al-Jawharatun Nayyirah that Imaam Al-Khujandee Rahimahullaah said: “Wearing rings of iron, brass, copper and lead are a despicable act that is not permissible for men and women, because it is the dress wear of the inmates of hell.” [v]
It is for that reason that we say that not all imitation jewellery is permissible for women, because many of those rings are made of these items.
However if one of these four types of rings is covered entirely in pure silver so that a person cannot see the iron, brass etc, then such a ring will be permissible for both men and women, and likewise if it is covered in gold then it will be permissible for women.
Imaam Ibn `Aabideen Rahimahullaah says in Raddul Muhtaar: “There is no harm in him (a man) wearing an iron ring that has been covered and dressed in silver to the extent where it (the iron) cannot be seen.” [vi]
This will also refer to the silver and gold plating of today.
And Allaah knows best.
Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.
Sunday 20th Dhul Qa`dah 1433 – 7th October 2012.
[i]عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلًا، جَاءَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَعَلَيْهِ خَاتَمٌ مِنْ شَبَهٍ، فَقَالَ لَهُ: «مَا لِي أَجِدُ مِنْكَ رِيحَ الْأَصْنَامِ» فَطَرَحَهُ، ثُمَّ جَاءَ وَعَلَيْهِ خَاتَمٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ، فَقَالَ: «مَا لِي أَرَى عَلَيْكَ حِلْيَةَ أَهْلِ النَّارِ» فَطَرَحَهُ، فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، مِنْ أَيِّ شَيْءٍ أَتَّخِذُهُ؟ قَالَ: «اتَّخِذْهُ مِنْ وَرِقٍ، وَلَا تُتِمَّهُ مِثْقَالًا»– رواه الإمام أبي داود في سننه.
[ii](رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ، وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ، وَالنَّسَائِيُّ) : أَيْ بِسَنَدٍ حَسَنٍ، بَلْ صَحَّحَهُ ابْنُ حِبَّانَ.
[iii]لا يَنْبَغِي لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَتَخَتَّمَ بِذَهَبٍ وَلا حَدِيدٍ وَلا صُفْرٍ وَلا يَتَخَتَّمُ إِلا بِالْفِضَّةِ، فَأَمَّا النِّسَاءُ فَلا بَأْسَ بِتَخَتُّمِ الذَّهَبِ لَهُنَّ.
[iv]عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُمْ. – رواه الإمام أبو داود رحمه الله في سننه بسند صحيح.
[v]وَفِي الْخُجَنْدِيِّ التَّخَتُّمُ بِالْحَدِيدِ وَالصُّفْرِ وَالنُّحَاسِ وَالرَّصَاصِ مَكْرُوهٌ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ زِيُّ أَهْلِ النَّارِ.