Mubashir and Bashir
Some ‘Ulama have said: “Munkar+Nakir are the Angels who will question the sinners in their graves. The righteous will be Questioned by: Mubashir and Bashir”.
Can someone explain the abvove
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:
Imaam Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaanee Rahimahullaah mentions in Fathul Baari: “And some of the Fuqahaa (jurists) have said that the names of the two (angels) who will question a sinner are Munkar and Nakeer, and the names of the two who will question an obedient person are Mubashshir and Basheer.” [i]
However Imaam As-Safaareenee Rahimahullaah says in Lawaami`u Anwaaril Bahiyyah: “Ibn Yoonus of the Shaafi`iyyah has said that the names of the two angels (that will question) of a believer are Mubashshir and Basheer. I say: This requires textual proof (from ahaadeeth), and where will such a thing come from, because there is nothing in the Ahaadeeth besides Munkar and Nakeer, and As-Suyooti had indicated towards that in his poetry by saying:
The diacritical mark of Munkar is with a Fathah on the Kaaf (i.e. not Munkir)…. And I do not know of any difference concerning it.
Ibn Yoonus of our companions had mentioned…. That the two (angels) that will come to a believer.
Their names are Al-Basheer and Al-Mubashshir…. But I have not come across a narration regarding it.” [ii]
But the most moderate is what Mullaa `Ali Al-Qaaree Rahimahullaah says in Mirqaatul Mafaateeh: “Two angels come to him (the deceased), that is Al-Munkar and An-Nakeer, but in the form of a Mubashshir and a Basheer (giver of glad tidings).” [iii]
So in conclusion we can say that Munkar and Nakeer are the two angels who visit everyone, be they good or bad, but their appearance will differ depending on whether the person was good or bad.
For the good people they’ll appear in good forms giving them glad tidings of Jannah, but if they are evil then they will appear in scary hideous forms as a further means of punishment.
And Allaah knows best.
Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.
Wednesday 16th Dhul Qa`dah 1433 – 3nd October 2012.
[i]وَذَكَرَ بَعْضُ الْفُقَهَاءِ أَنَّ اسْمَ اللَّذَيْنِ يَسْأَلَانِ الْمُذْنِبَ مُنْكَرٌ وَنَكِيرٌ وَأَنَّ اسْمَ اللَّذَيْنِ يَسْأَلَانِ الْمُطِيعَ مُبَشِّرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ.
[ii]وَذَكَرَ ابْنُ يُونُسَ مِنَ الشَّافِعِيَّةِ أَنَّ اسْمَ مَلَكَيِ الْمُؤْمِنِ مُبَشِّرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ قُلْتُ: وَهَذَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَى دَلِيلٍ مَأْثُورٍ وَأَنَّى بِهِ فَإِنَّ الْأَحَادِيثَ لَيْسَ فِيهَا سِوَى مُنْكَرٍ وَنَكِيرٍ وَقَدْ أَشَارَ إِلَى ذَلِكَ السُّيُوطِيُّ فِي أُرْجُوزَتِهِ بِقَوْلِهِ:
وَضَبْطُ مُنْكَرٍ بِفَتْحِ كَافِ … فَلَسْتُ أَدْرِي فِيهِ مِنْ خِلَافِ
وَذَكَرَ ابْنُ يُونُسَ مِنْ صَحْبِنَا … أَنَّ اللَّذَيْنِ يَأْتِيَانِ الْمُؤْمِنَا
اسْمُهُمَا الْبَشِيرُ وَالْمُبَشِّرُ … وَلَمْ أَقِفْ فِي ذَا عَلَى مَا يُؤْثَرُ.