Is it permissible to lead the janaazah prayer of a shia, and to make ghusl of a shia
Is it permissible to lead the janaaza prayer of a shia,and to make ghusul of a shia.jzkl
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem.
Alhamdulillaahi was salaatu was salaamu `alaa Rasoolillaahi wa `alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa man waalaahu, wa ba`d:
It is not permissible to give Ghusl to a shia, nor to perform Janaazah Salaah for them, nor to attend their funerals, because they are not Muslim, and these things are only permitted for Muslims.
The shia follow a different religion to Islaam even if they claim to be of its people, the `Ulamaa throughout the ages have authored books exposing and explaining the Kufr of the Shia.
The shia have multiple facets of Kufr, each of which is enough to expel them from Islaam, such as their rejection and reviling of the Sahaabah Radhiallaahu `Anhum, their claim that parts of the Qur’aan is missing, their belief in the infallibility of the Imaams, their belief that their Imaams and some other people will come back to life after the coming of the shia mahdi to take revenge etc.
Moosaa Ibn Haaroon Rahimahullaah said: I heard (Imaam) Al-Firyaabee Rahimahullaah being asked about a person who insults (Hadhrat) Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu `Anhu, so he replied: “(He is) A Kaafir.” Then the man asked “should (Janaazah) Salaah be read over him?” He replied: “No.” So I asked him: “What should be done with him when he says Laa Ilaaha Illallaah?” He replied: “Don’t touch him with your hands, but lift him with a piece of wood and cast him into his pit.” – Reported in As-Sunnah of Imaam Abu Bakr Al-Khallaal Rahimahullaah. [i]
Imaam Al-Bukhaari Rahimahullaah says in Khalq Af`aalul `Ibaad: “I see no difference between performing Salaah behind a Jahmi (one of the early sects), and a Raafidhi (shia), and performing behind a Jew or a Christian. They should not be greeted, nor are they to be visited when they’re ill, nor are they to be married, nor should their testimony be accepted, nor should the animals they slaughter be eaten.” [ii]
It is mentioned in Al-Fataawaa Al-Hindiyyah: “Whoever denies the Imaamah (the legitimacy of being the Khaleefah) of (Hadhrat) Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq Radhiallaahu `Anhu then he is a Kaafir, some have said he’s an innovator and not a Kaafir, but the correct view is that he is a Kaafir.” [iii]
It is further stated in Al-Fataawaa Al-Hindiyyah: “It is compulsory to declare the Raafidhah as disbelievers due to them saying the dead will return to the world.” [iv]
Taqiyyah (lying) is part of the shia religion, so you may find some who claim that they do not hold these beliefs, to them we say as Moulana Yusuf Ludhianvi Rahimahullaah says in Aap Kay Masa’il Aur Un Ke Hal: “If anyone (shia) says that he does not believe this (kufr beliefs of the shia), then it is obligatory upon him to make known his denunciation of the religion (shiaism) that believes this, and to declare those who believe it as Kaafir. As long as he does not do this we will not accept his claim, and his claim (of not believing it) will be considered Taqiyyah.” [v]
Regarding Janaazah Salaah upon Kuffaar, Allaah says in Surah Tawbah, Aayah 84: “And do not ever perform Salaah upon any of them who dies, nor stand by their grave…” [vi]
So taking that into consideration it becomes clear that we may not make Ghusl of them, nor may we perform Salaah over them.
And Allaah knows best.
Ubaidullah Ibn Adam Aal-Ebrahim.
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Rashid Ahmed Moosagie.
Saturday 28th Shawwaal 1433 – 15th September 2012.
[i] ثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ هَارُونَ بْنِ زِيَادٍ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ الْفِرْيَابِيُّ، وَرَجُلٌ يَسْأَلُهُ عَمَّنْ شَتَمَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالَ: كَافِرٌ، قَالَ: فَيُصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ؟ قَالَ: لَا، وَسَأَلْتُهُ كَيْفَ يُصْنَعُ بِهِ وَهُو يَقُولُ: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ؟ قَالَ: لَا تَمَسُّوهُ بِأَيْدِيكُمْ، ارْفَعُوهُ بِالْخَشَبِ حَتَّى تُوَارُوهُ فِي حُفْرَتِهِ – السنة للإمام أبي بكر الخلال.
[ii] قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ: مَا أُبَالِي صَلَّيْتُ خَلْفَ الْجَهْمِيِّ والرَّافِضِيِّ أَمْ صَلَّيْتُ خَلْفَ الْيَهُودِ وَالنَّصَارَى، وَلَا يُسَلَّمُ عَلَيْهِمْ، وَلَا يُعَادُونَ، وَلَا يُنَاكَحُونَ، وَلَا يَشْهَدُونَ، وَلَا تُؤْكَلُ ذَبَائِحُهُمْ
[iii] مَنْ أَنْكَرَ إمَامَةَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ -، فَهُوَ كَافِرٌ، وَعَلَى قَوْلِ بَعْضِهِمْ هُوَ مُبْتَدِعٌ وَلَيْسَ بِكَافِرٍ وَالصَّحِيحُ أَنَّهُ كَافِرٌ
[iv]وَيَجِبُ إكْفَارُ الرَّوَافِضِ فِي قَوْلِهِمْ بِرَجْعَةِ الْأَمْوَاتِ إلَى الدُّنْيَا
[v] Chapter: Rawaafidh kay zabeehay ka kya hukm hai. Volume 4. Page 219. Printed by Maktabah Ludhianvi.
[vi] وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ مَاتَ أَبَدًا وَلَا تَقُمْ عَلَى قَبْرِهِ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَمَاتُوا وَهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ. – سورة التوبة آية ٨٤.