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Archive for October, 2009

Egypt’s top cleric plans face veil ban in schools

Egypt’s top Islamic cleric is planning to ban students wearing the face veil from entering the schools of Al Azhar, Sunni Islam’s premier institute of learning, according to a newspaper report.

A security official also said that police have orders to bar girls covered from head to toe from entering Al Azhar’s institutions, including middle and high schools, as well as the dormitories of several universities in Cairo.

The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the ban was for security reasons.

The moves appear to be part of a government campaign cracking down on increasingly overt manifestations of conservative Islam in Egypt. 

While a vast majority of Egyptian women wear the headscarf, only some wear the niqab, which covers the face and is common in neighbouring Saudi Arabia.
Cleric Mohammad Sayyed Tantawi’s plans came to light when he told a middle school student in a class he was visiting earlier this week to take off her niqab.

Tantawi was inspecting Al Azhar’s schools at the start of the academic year to check on measures in place to stem the spread of swine flu, according to details of the visit published by the independent daily Al Masry Al Youm.

Tantawi angrily told the girl that the niqab “has nothing to do with Islam and is only a custom” and made her take it off.

He then announced he would soon issue an order banning girls from entering Al Azhar schools wearing the niqab.

We would like to mention in this context that Sheikh Tantawi has repeatedly characterized his statements and attacks in favor of the authorities and kafirs, which was the cause of dissatisfaction and criticism from Islamic scholars from Egypt and other countries.

 

Source: Agencies

Kavkaz Center

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Abu Muslim Al-Khawlaany Ad-Daaraany.

 

He was the chief of the Taabi’een, and the Zaahid of his time.

 

Name: The correct view is that his name is ‘Abdullaah Bin Thawb, it’s also said his name is ‘Abdullaah Bin ‘Abdullaah, and (also said) ‘Abdullaah Bin Thawaab, and (also said) Ibn ‘Ubayd, and (also said) Ya’qoob Bin ‘Auf.

 

Birthplace: He was from Yemen.

 

He accepted Islaam during the time of Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam, and he entered Madinah during the Khilaafah of Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu.

 

He narrated from ‘Umar, Mu’aadh Bin Jabal, Abu ‘Ubaydah, Abu Dharr al-Ghifaari and ‘Ubaadah Bin Saamit Radhiallaahu ‘Anhum.

 

From those who narrated about him are: Abu Idrees al-Khawlaany, Abu ‘Aaliyah ar-Rayaaĥy, Jubayr Bin Nufayr, ‘Ataa Ibn Abi Rabaaĥ, Shurĥabeel Bin Muslim – but they did not meet him – ‘Atiyyah Bin Qays, Abu Qilaabah al-Jurmy, and Muĥammad Bin Ziyaad al-Ilhaany, and ‘Umair Bin Haany, and Yoonus Bin Maysarah, but they did not meet him, however they narrated about him.

 

Ismaa’eel Bin Ayyaash said: Shurĥabeel Bin Muslim related to us that Abu Muslim al-Khawlaany came to Madinah when Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam had passed away, and Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu was appointed (Khalifah).

 

Then Shurĥabeel said: Aswad al-‘Ansy in Yemen claimed to be a prophet, and he had Abu Muslim brought forth, then he made a huge fire, and threw Abu Muslim in it, but it did not harm him, so it was said to Aswad: If you do not banish this person then your followers will desert you.

 

So he commanded that Abu Muslim be sent out from the town on a mount, then when he came to Madinah he stopped, and he entered the Masjid to make Salaah, then ‘Umar Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu saw him and approached him and said: Where are you from? He replied: From Yemen.

 

So he said: What happened to that person who the imposter (Aswad) burnt with the fire? He said: He is ‘Abdullaah Bin Thawb.

 

Then he said: I implore you by Allaah, are you him? He replied: By Allaah, yes.

 

Then ‘Umar Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu embraced him and cried, then he went with him until he placed him in front of Abu Bakr Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu, then he said: All praise is due to Allaah who did not make me die until I got to see in the Ummah of Muĥammad Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam a person who had something done to him which had happened to the Friend of Allaah Ibraaheem ‘Alayhis Salaam.

Excerpted from Siyar A’laam An-Nubalaa of Imaam Dhahabi Rahimahuullaah.

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A Warning Against Passing Verdicts Without Knowledge.

Verily all Praise is for Allaah, we Praise Him and seek His Help and His Guidance, and we thank Him, and we seek the protection of Allaah from the evils of ourselves and our deeds, whoever Allaah guides none can misguide, and whoever He misguides none can guide, and I bear witness that there is no God besides Allaah, the One who has no partners or equal, and who has no opposite nor any opponents, and I bear witness that our great and beloved master and leader and coolness of our eyes Muhammad is the servant of Allaah and His Messenger and His chosen one and his Beloved, Sallallaahu Wa Sallama ‘Alayhi Wa ‘Ala Kulli Rasoolin Arsalahu.

 

As for what follows: Servants of Allaah I advise you and myself to have taqwa of Allaah, the Most High, the Most Great, the One who said in the clear (verses) of His Book: And do not pursue that which you have no knowledge of, verily (your) hearing and sight and heart all will you be questioned about. Surah Israa Ayah 36.

 

Brothers in Eemaan, there’s a story narrated in Abu Daawood about a man who had a head wound, and he fell into a state of ritual impurity (Janaabah) on a cold night (he needed to make a waajib ghusl), so he asked the people who were with him (and they were not a people qualified to answer questions) so they said to him: Make ghusl, so he made ghusl and he died, then Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam was informed about it and he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “They have killed him, may Allaah kill them, why did they not ask when they did not know, for verily the cure for ignorance is to ask

 

And Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “It would have been sufficient for him to make Tayammum (dry purification) and tie a bandage on his wound and make Masah upon it, then wash the rest of his body.”

 

{And do not pursue that which you have no knowledge of} Do not speak of something without knowledge, because it is from the sins of the tongue – the major sins – that a person gives a verdict without knowledge, And it is true and established from Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam that he (Sallallaahu ’Alayhi Wa Sallam) was asked concerning some things to which he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “I do not know”, then he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) asked Jibreel ‘Alayhis Salaam and he (too) said: “I do not know, I will ask (Allaah) Rabbul ‘Izzah” then he asked Allaah Ta’aala and Allaah taught him the answer to that question, then he went to Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam and told him what his Lord had taught him, and this (particular) question was concerning the best place and the worst place, and in another wording the best and worst land. Then Jibreel ‘Alayhis Salaam said: “The best of lands are the Masaajid” and in another wording: “The best of places are the Masaajid, and the worst of places are the Marketplaces” (Reported in al-Bayhaqi)

 

Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam has said: Whoever gives a religious verdict without knowledge is cursed by the Angels of the Heavens and the Earth. (Reported in Ibn Asaakir)

 

And Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said: Whoever gives a religious verdict without knowledge is cursed by Allaah and the Angels and all of Mankind. (Reported in Ibn Asaakir)

 

And how many aren’t the people who destroy themselves and others because of passing verdicts without knowledge, by giving verdicts which has not been revealed by Allaah. (Contrary to the Sharee’ah)

 

Therefore my Muslim brother, if you are asked concerning a matter which you do not know about, or have not heard about, then say: “I don’t know”, and remember the words of Allaah Ta’aala: {And do not pursue that which you have no knowledge of}

 

Some of the Sahaabah (Ridhwaanullaahi ‘Alayhim Ajma’een) have said: “Being bold in passing verdicts is being bold upon the fire. (of Jahannam)”

 

Sayyidunaa ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar Radhiallaahu ‘Anhumaa said: “Knowledge (consists of) three things: an eloquent book (The Qur’aan), a clear Sunnah and (in saying) ‘I do not know.'”

 

So whoever gives a verdict, if he is a Mujtahid, then he gives the verdict upon the capability of his Ijtihaad, but if he is not a Mujtahid then it is not (permissible) for him to give a verdict except by relying upon the verdict which a Mujtahid Imaam has laid down.

 

So whoever is asked concerning a matter whose ruling he does not have knowledge about, then let him not forget the words “I do not know”. It has been narrated about Imaam Maalik Rahimahullaah that he was asked forty nine questions, he answered six, and said “I do not know” to the rest.

I say this and I seek the forgiveness of Allaah for me and for you all.

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It is better to grow long hair than to cut it.

 

Abu Is’ĥaaq said: Abu ‘Abdillaah (Aĥmad Ibn Ĥanbal) was asked concerning a man growing long hair, so he said: It is a Sunnah Ĥasanah, if we were able to do it then we’d have done so.

 

And he said: Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam had Jummah.

 

Nine of the Companions of Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam had long hair.

 

And he also said: Ten of them had Jummah.

 

And he said: It comes in a Ĥadeeth that the hair of Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam reached his (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) earlobes.

 

And in another Ĥadeeth: Until his (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) shoulders.

 

And in a narration of Baraa Ibn ‘Aazib Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu he said: I did not see a person with long hair wearing red clothes more handsome than Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam, his (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) hair reached his (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) shoulders. – Agreed upon by Bukhaari and Muslim.

 

Ibn ‘Umar Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu narrated that Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said: I saw (Eesa) Ibn Maryam (‘Alayhis Salaam) having Limmah.

 

Al-Khallaal said: I asked Aĥmad Ibn Yaĥyaa – i.e. Tha’laba – concerning Limmah, so he said: It is what reaches the ears.

 

And Jummah: It is what is longer than that.

 

And Baraa Ibn ‘Aazib Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu has mentioned in his Ĥadeeth that the hair of Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam reached his (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) shoulders, and he had called that Limmah.

 

It is Mustaĥabb (desirable) that the hair of a man should be like the hair of Nabi Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam, that when it is long it should reach his shoulders, and when it is short it should reach his earlobes.

 

And if he lengthens his hair beyond that then there is no harm in it, Imaam Aĥmad had stated that and said: Abu ‘Ubaydah Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu had two plaits, and ‘Uthmaan Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu had two plaits.

 

Waa’il Ibn Ĥujr Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu said: I came to Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam and I had long hair, then when he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) saw me he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: Evil, evil. Then I returned and cut it off, then I came to him (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) the next day and he (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: I did not mean you (by saying that), but this is better. – Reported by Ibn Maajah and Abu Dawud.

 

And it is Mustaĥabb to comb the hair and look after it, because of the Ĥadeeth of Abu Hurayrah Radhiallaahu ‘Anhu that Rasoolullaah Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said: Whoever has hair then let him honour it. (By washing and combing and oiling it) – Reported by Abu Dawud.

 

Excerpted from Al-Mughni of Imaam Ibn Qudaamah Al-Maqdisi Rahimahullaah.

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